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G7/8 Summit Compliance Data Sets by Issue, 1985-2013:
Climate Change

G8 Research Group, April 17, 2015

  Commitment Commitment Text Canada France Germany Italy Japan Russia United Kingdom United States European Union Total
  Average (N=72) +0.48 +0.39 +0.62 +0.10 +0.54 +0.20 +0.66 +0.31 +0.79 +0.45
1 1985-1 New approaches and strengthened international cooperation are essential to anticipate and prevent damage to the environment, which knows no national frontiers. We shall also address other concerns such as climatic change, the protection of the ozone layer and the management of toxic chemicals and hazardous wastes. The protection of soils, fresh water and the sea, in particular of regional seas, must be strengthened. 0 +1 +1 0 0   0 +1 +1 +0.50
2 1987-32 We underline our own responsibility to encourage efforts to tackle effectively environmental problems of worldwide impact such as stratospheric ozone depletion, climate change, acid rains, endangered species, hazardous substances, air and water pollution, and destruction of tropical forests.  +1 0 0 0 0   +1 0   +0.29
3 1989-21 (AL) We strongly advocate common efforts to limit emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, which threaten to induce climate change, endangering the environment and ultimately the economy. +1 0 +1 0 +1   +1 -1   +0.43
4 1989-22 (MB) We need to strengthen the world-wide network of observatories for greenhouse gases and support the World Meteorological Organization initiative to establish a global climatological reference network to detect climate changes. -1 -1 -1 -1 +1   +1 -1   -0.43
5 1989-3 (MB) We call for the adoption of sustainable forest management practices, with a view to preserving the scale of world forests. -1 -1 0 +1 +1   -1 -1   -0.29
6 1989-4 (MB) We believe that the conclusion of a framework or umbrella convention on climate change to set out general principles or guidelines is urgently required to mobilize and rationalise the efforts made by the international community. Specific protocols containing concrete commitments could be fitted into the framework as scientific evidence requires and permits`` +1 0 0 -1 0   +1 -1   0
7 1990-26 (AL) We are committed to undertake common efforts to limit greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide. +1 +1 +1 +1 0   0 -1   +0.43
8 1990-27-28(MB) We reiterate our support for the negotiation of a framework convention on climate change, under the auspices of the UNEP and WMO. The convention should be completed by 1992 +1 +1 +1 -1 +1   +1 -1   +0.43
9 1990-29 (MB) Work on implementing protocols should be undertaken as expediously as possible and should consider all sources and sinks. -1 -1 +1 -1 0   +1 -1   -0.29
10 1990-36 (MB) We are ready to cooperate with the Government of Brazil on a comprehensive pilot programme to counteract the threat to tropical rain forests in that country -1 -1 -1 -1 -1   -1 -1   -1.00
11 1991-1   +1 0 +1 0 0   0 -1   +0.14
12 1991-4   +1 +1 +1 +1     +1 -1   +0.67
13 1992-5 (AL) Ratify UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) by 1993  +1 0 +1 0 +1   +1 +1   +0.71
14 1992-2   +1 +1 +1 +1 +1   +1 -1   +0.71
15 1992-6 (?) (AL) We are committed to continued scientific efforts in the area of climate change +1 +1 +1 0 +1   0 +1   +0.71
16 1993-6 (AL) Publish a national action plan by the end of 1993 +1 -1 -1 0 +1   0 +1   +0.14
17 1993-3   +1 +1 +1 +1 +1   +1 +1   +1.00
18 1994-1 Implementing national action plans. +1 0 +1 0 0   +1 +1   +0.57
19 1994-3   +1 +1 +1 0 +1   +1 +1   +0.86
20 1995-23 (AL) Setting more ambitious timetables and objectives to follow-up on the Berlin Conference of the Parties +1 0 -1 0 0   +1 +1   +0.29
21 1996-87 a successful outcome of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention;  0 0 +1 0 +1   +1 +1   +0.57
22 1997-8 "At the Third Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Kyoto, we must forge a strong agreement that is consistent with the Berlin Mandate and contains quantified and legally-binding emission targets that will result in reductions of greenhouse gas emissions by 2010".  0 +1 +1 -1 +1 +1 +1 0   +0.50
23 1997-9 "We intend to commit to meaningful, realistic and equitable targets that will result in reductions of greenhouse gas emissions by 2010." -1 +1 +1 0 0 -1 +1 -1 +1 +0.11
24 1998-32 "The adoption at Kyoto of a Protocol with legally binding targets was a historic turning point in our efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. We welcome the recent signature of the Protocol by some of us and confirm the intention of the rest of us to sign it within the next year, and resolve to make an urgent start on the further work that is necessary to ratify and make Kyoto a reality. To this end:"           +1   +1   +1.00
25 1998-34 "To this end: as the Kyoto protocol says, to supplement domestic actions, we will work further on flexible mechanisms such as international market-based emissions trading, joint implementation and the clean development mechanism, and on sinks. +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1   +1.00
26 1998-35 "We aim to draw up rules and principles that will ensure an enforceable, accountable, verifiable, open and transparent trading system and an effective compliance regime;" +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1   +1.00
27 1999-32 We will work towards timely progress in implementing the Buenos Aires Plan of Action with a view to early entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol 0 0 0 -1 +1 -1 -1 +1 -1 -0.22
28 2000-86 " We are determined to achieve a successful outcome at the Sixth Conference of the Parties to the FCCC (COP6), in order to achieve the goals of the Kyoto Protocol though undertaking strong domestic actions and supplemental flexibility mechanisms."  0 0 +1 +1 +1 0 0 0 +1 +0.44
29 2001-xx Will give money to the Global Environment Facility (GEF) so that it may continue to support environmental protection on a global scale and foster good practices to promote efficient energy use and the development of renewable energy sources in the development world 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0   -0.13
30 2001-xx Will work with civil society and developing countries to make the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg a success 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0   0
31 2001-xx Promote early entry into force of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants +1 0 +1 0 -1 0 0 0   +0.13
32 2001-44 "To that end, we are participating constructively in the resumed Sixth
Conference of the Parties in Bonn (COP6) and will continue to do so in all relevant fora."
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0   0
33 2002-8 We agreed on the importance of reaffirming the Doha Agenda and the Monterrey Consensus and to work at the upcoming Johannesburg Summit to produce meaningful partnerships for sustainable development and measurable results.  +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +0.89
34 2003-75 "We commit to participating in the International Conference on Renewable Energies, spring 2004 in Bonn". 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1   +0.75
35 2003-92 We will discuss various aspects of the global climate change problem at the World Conference on Climate Control (Moscow, September 2003).  +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1.00
36 2004(s)-3 "Held First and Second Earth Observation Summits (EOS) and adopted a Framework document on a Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS). Planning to adopt a final 10-year strategic implementation plan on GEOSS at Third EOS in 2005 and working to identify the international mechanism to provide coordination and oversight for GEOSS." +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1.00
37 2004-S2 We recognize the need for balanced energy policies, which increase energy supplies and encourage more efficient energy use and conservation, including through new technologies +1 +1 +1 0 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +0.78
38 2005-18 We reaffirm our commitment to the UNFCCC and to its ultimate objective to stabilise greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that prevents dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.  0 +1 +1 -1 0 +1 +1 0 +1 +0.44
39 2005-1 "We resolved to take action to meet the challenges we face. The Gleneagles Plan of Action which we have agreed demonstrates our commitment. We will take measures to develop markets for clean energy technologies, to increase their availability in developing countries, and to help vulnerable communities adapt to the impact of climate change." +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1.00
40 2005-2 "We will advance the global effort to tackle climate change at the UN Climate Change Conference in Montreal later this year. Those of us who have ratified the Kyoto Protocol remain committed to it, and will continue to work to make it a success" +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +0.89
41 2005- 158 "We will encourage the development of cleaner, more efficient and lower-emitting vehicles, and promote their deployment, by: Adopting ambitious policies to encourage sales of such vehicles in our countries, including making use of public procurement as appropriate to accelerate market development;" +1 +1 +1 +1 0 -1 +1 +1 +1 +0.67
42 2005-15 We also committed to address products of interest to Least Developed Countries in the negotiations, and to ensure Least Developed Countries have the flexibility to decide their own economic strategies.  +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1.00
43 2006-62 environmentally sound development and use of energy, and deployment and transfer of clean energy technologies which help to tackle climate change; 0 0 0 0 0 0 +1 0 +1 +0.22
44 2006-99 "A comprehensive approach within the international community to energy saving, energy efficiency and the extension of relevant efforts, including sharing best practices, to the entire energy value chain are important in this respect. For this purpose, we shall undertake to: consider national goals for reducing energy intensity of economic development to be reported by the end of the year" 0 0 0 0 0 +1 +1 0 +1 +0.33
45 2006-110 (SS) raising the environmental and efficiency levels for processing hydrocarbons; +1 +1 0 -1 +1 0 -1 -1 -1 -0.11
46 2006-116 "For making transportation more energy efficient and environmentally advanced we shall: develop programs in our respective countries, consistent with national circumstances, to provide incentives for consumers to adopt efficient vehicles, including clean diesels and hybrids; and introduce on a large scale efficient public hybrid and/or clean diesel transportation systems, where appropriate" +1 0 +1 0 0 0 0 +1 +1 +0.44
47 2006-123 We will work to develop low-carbon and alternative energy, to make wider use of renewables and to develop and introduce innovative technologies throughout the entire energy sector.  0 -1 +1 0 +1 0 0 +1 +1 +0.33
48 2006-138 Therefore we will work with the private sector to accelerate utilization of innovative technologies that advance more efficient hydrocarbon production and reduce the environmental impact of its production and use.  -1 0 0 0 +1 -1 +1 +1 +1 +0.22
49 2006-156 "We will facilitate development of local energy resources, including those based on core generation technologies and on renewable energy, such as hydropower, wind power, geothermal power, biomass, and the effective use of solar energy, to contribute to poverty reduction and long-term energy sustainability in developing countries." +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +0.89
50 2006-162 "We reaffirm our intention to deliver on commitments made in Gleneagles in order to meet our shared and multiple objectives of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, improving the global environment, enhancing energy security and cutting air pollution in conjunction with our vigorous efforts to reduce poverty." 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +0.78
51 2006-165 With respect to climate change, we reaffirm our shared commitment under the UNFCCC and its related mechanisms.  -1 0 0 0 0 0 +1 -1 +1 0
52 2007-28 To this end, we are committed to the further development of the international regime to combat climate change, especially in the run up to the UN Climate Change Conference in Indonesia at the end of this year.  0 0 0 -1 +1 -1 +1 +1 +1 +0.22
53 2007-35 "[We acknowledge that the UN climate process is the appropriate forum for negotiating future global action on climate change.] We are committed to moving forward in that forum and call on all parties to actively and constructively participate in the UN Climate Change Conference in Indonesia in December 2007 with a view to achieving a comprehensive post 2012-agreement (post Kyoto-agreement) that should include all major emitters." +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1.00
54 2007-36 "We have urgently to develop, deploy and foster the use of sustainable, less carbon intensive, clean energy and climate-friendly technologies in all areas of energy production and use." +1 0 0 0 +1 0 +1 +1 0 +0.44
55 2007-44 We are determined to assist in reducing emissions from deforestation, especially in developing countries. 0 0 +1 0 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +0.56
56 2008-27 (CB) In this regard, we will work together with other relevant stakeholders to develop science-based benchmarks and indicators for biofuel production and use +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +0.89
57 2008-55 "In this respect, we acknowledge our leadership role and each of us will implement ambitious economy-wide mid-term goals in order to achieve absolute emissions reductions and, where applicable, first stop the growth of emissions as soon as possible, reflecting comparable efforts among all developed economies, taking into account differences in their national circumstances." +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 -1 +1 +0.78
58 2008-72 "We strongly support the launching of 20 large-scale CCS demonstration projects globally by 2010, taking into account various national circumstances, with a view to beginning broad deployment of CCS by 2020." +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 +1 +1 +0.33
59 2008-251 Conscious of our leadership role in meeting such challenges, we, the leaders of the world's major economies, both developed and developing, commit to combat climate change in accordance with our common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities and confront the interlinked challenges of sustainable development, including energy and food security, and human health 0 +1 +1 -1 -1 0 +1 -1 +1 +0.11
60 2008-265 "We will work together in accordance with our Convention commitments to strengthen the ability of developing countries, particularly the most vulnerable ones, to adapt to climate change. This includes the development and dissemination of tools and methodologies to improve vulnerability and adaptation assessments, the integration of climate change adaptation into overall development strategies, increased implementation of adaptation strategies, increased emphasis on adaptation technologies, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability, and consideration of means to stimulate investment and increased availability of financial and technical assistance." +1 +1 +1 -1 +1 0 +1 +1 0 +0.56
61 2009-49 (456) "We reconfirm our strong commitment to the UNFCCC negotiations and to the successful conclusion of a global, wide-ranging and ambitious post-2012 agreement in Copenhagen, involving all countries, consistent with the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities." +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 0 0 +0.67
62 2009-64 "Recognising the importance of research and development, we committed in Toyako to increase investment in basic and applied clean technology research and development. We will intensify such efforts and explore options to enhance global technology cooperation." +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1.00
63 2009-66 "[To promote concerted efforts on technology and financing, we:] call for the elaboration and implementation of an effective financial
arrangement to support the post-2012 regime."
+1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +0.89
64 2009-73 "[Aware that deforestation accounts for approximately 20% of annual CO2 emissions, and that forests are an essential repository of biological diversity and key to the livelihoods and rights of many people, we remain engaged in seeking the reduction of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and in further promoting sustainable forest management globally. We will:] support the development of positive incentives in particular for developing countries to promote emission reductions through actions to reduce deforestation and forest degradation." 0 +1 +1 0 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +0.67
65 2009-98 "[Reaffirming the commitment made in Toyako for the launch of 20 large-scale Carbon Capture and Storage demonstration projects globally by 2010, we will:] accelerate the design of policies, regulatory frameworks and incentive schemes focused on the development and deployment of CCS technology" +1 -1 -1 -1 +1 -1 +1 0 +1 0
66 2010-26 "Consistent with this ambitious long-term objective, we will undertake robust aggregate and individual mid-term reductions, taking into account that baselines may vary and that efforts need to be comparable." -1 +1 +1 0 -1 +1 +1 -1 +1 +0.22
67 2010-27 "Recognizing the scientific view that the increase in global temperature should not exceed 2 degrees Celsius, we also call for the full and effective implementation of all the provisions of the Accord, including those related to measurement, reporting and verification thereby promoting transparency and trust." 0 0 0 -1 -1 0 0 0 0 -0.22
68 2010-55 "Recognizing the challenges faced by countries in the aftermath of natural disasters to provide security and basic services to civilians, we reaffirm our commitment to support Haiti and will work to strengthen existing international coordination mechanisms to improve the timeliness, effectiveness and coordination of the international response to such disasters and will continue to support the United Nations Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction." +1 +1 0 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +0.78
69 2011-51 "Consistent with this ambitious long-term objective, we will undertake robust aggregate and individual mid-term reductions, taking into account that baselines may vary and that efforts need to be comparable." +1 +1 0 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +0.67
70 2012-29 "Recognizing the impact of short-lived climate pollutants on near-term climate change, agricultural productivity, and human health, we support, as a means of promoting increased ambition and complementary to other CO2 and GHG emission reduction efforts, comprehensive actions to reduce these pollutants." +1 0 +1 -1 0 -1 0 0 +1 +0.11
71 2013-145 We will pursue ambitious and transparent action] internationally, in the UNFCCC, complemented by actions addressed through other relevant fora, including but not limited to:] the Climate and Clean Air Coalition which we all committed to join at our last Summit, where we will build on the eight global initiatives already begun and further develop the scientific evidence base and private sector involvement. +1 0 +1 0 -1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +0.56
72 2013-150 We reiterate our commitment to the developed countries' goal of mobilising jointly $100billion of climate finance per year by 2020 from a wide variety of sources in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation  -1 0 +1 -1 0 -1 0 0 +1 -0.11
 
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