4. DEVELOPMENT: 0
"We renew our commitment to secure substantial flows of official aid and to improve the quality of this aid. The whole international community should be mobilized in this effort and new donors should assume growing responsibility, so that the burd
Facts & Analysis:
1. To secure substantial flows of official aid
- Department of State promises to provide 10% of World Bank's estimated need to reconstruct Bosnia -- $600 million over 3 years.
-The promise is being honored: about $200 million had been allocated in FY1997 budget and has been requested in the one of FY1998.
- The same amount for development in the international affair budget as in FY1997 has been requested for FY 1998:
-$1.6 billion to "ensure the emergence of democracy in regions and countries critical to long-term American security" (NIS, Central Europe, Bosnia)
-$1.7 billion for Refugee & Disaster Assistance
-$3.85 billion for bilateral & multilateral international programs to deal with "challenges of environment degradation, disease, population growth, child survival & endemic poverty."
2. To improve the quality of this aid
- 1998 will be the first year of having funds ($3 million) to promote democracy in South Asia.
- There is no evidence to support whether the US has improved the quality of the aid given to recipient countries or whether they are simply maintaining the same quality.
3. The whole international community should be mobilized in this effort
- Statement on Nov. 7, 1996 suggests that European nations are rightly charged with greater responsibilities in providing aid in Bosnia
- Collaborating with donors through World Bank-led Special Program of Assistance (SPA) to support the least developed African countries as well as working with Global Coalition for Africa (GCA) to provide ODA, and under the auspices of the UN World Foo
4. New donors should assume growing responsibility
- There is no evidence to suggest US action in this area.