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The Prospective Agenda for the
2007 G8 Heiligendamm Summit

Laura Sunderland
Senior Researcher, G8 Research Group
December 6, 2006

Heiligendamm Summit, June 6-8, 2007
Investment, Innovation, Sustainability
Africa: Good Governance, Sustainable Investment, Peace and Security
Cooperation with Emerging Countries
Middle East
Physical Preparations
Notes
Earlier Versions

See also G8 Finance Ministers Prospective Agenda


This prospective agenda is compiled by the G8 Research Group from public sources as an aid to researchers and other stakeholders interested in the 2007 G8 Summit, which will be hosted by Germany in Heilgendamm on June 6-8. It will be updated periodically as the Heiligendamm Summit planning evolves and as more information becomes available about its intended and actual agenda.

G8 Summit, Heiligendamm, June 6-8, 2006

On October 18, 2006, Chancellor Merkel submitted her tentative agenda for the German G8 presidency to the cabinet, which in turn expressed its strong approval. [1] The focuses of the German presidency, according to Merkel's tentative agenda are as follows (1) investment, innovation and sustainability; (2) Africa: good governance, sustainable investment, peace and security; (3) Cooperation with Emerging Countries. [2]

As of October 18, 2006, the German Bundesregierung stated that the German government will hold a series of ministerial meetings "on a variety of subjects in preparation for the summit. [3] The proposed agenda will be discussed with ministers and G8 representatives before the end of the year, at which point the agenda will be finalized. [4]

Government spokesperson Ulrich Wilhelm announced that the theme of the German summit will be "Growth and Responsibility." [5] He stated that the priority themes are African development and the globalized economy. [6] On October 18, 2006, German officials stated that Merkel's original summit plan was to focus on intellectual property protection, energy and global trade imbalances, but Merkel decided to expand the agenda to include development and climate change. [7]

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Investment, Innovation, Sustainability

Global Imbalances

As of October 18, 2006, global imbalances (such as the current account deficit in the US, deficient growth in Europe and Japan and foreign exchange reserves in Asia) are on Merkel's tentative G8 agenda. [8]

On October 18, 2006, various sources reported that the leaders will discuss global imbalances [9] , Asian foreign-currency reserves, greater flexibility of Chinese yuan, the American twin deficit, [10] , [11] and the need for structural reforms in Europe and Japan in order to bring growth to those sluggish economies. [12] , [13]

On July 27, 2006, the Financial Times reported that Merkel will focus the summit's attention on global economic matters, such as global imbalances. [14]

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Systemic Stability and Transparency of Financial Markets

As of October 18, 2006, measures to improve systemic stability and the transparency of financial markets are on Merkel's tentative G8 agenda. [15]

From October 15-18, 2006, various sources reported that leaders will address the need for hedge fund transparency [16] , [17] , [18] and the stability of financial markets. [19] German finance minister Peer Steinbruck stated that the Amaranth debacle alerted all to the "new sensitivity" in the United States to the systemic risks of hedge funds. [20] Steinbruck stated that this is a good opportunity to discuss the issue, and G7 Finance ministers are expected to discuss ways of improving hedge fund transparency during the German presidency. [21] Steinbruck stated that on hedge funds, "we are not talking about regulation here. The question is really one of transparency." [22] While the German government admits that while an agreement or solution might not be feasible, a discussion is important. [23]

On October 15, 2006, Ulrich Schäfer of Sueddeutsche Zeitung reported that according to the confidential program for the summit, the G8 will discuss how to improve the basic conditions for a dynamic development of the world economy given that transnational mergers and acquisitions have recently been met with political resistance in the European Union and other large economies. [24]

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Freedom of Investment and Global Investment Conditions

As of October 18, 2006, freedom of investment in both industrial and emerging countries, global investment conditions and the social dimensions of globalization are on Merkel's tentative G8 agenda. [25]

On October 18, 2006, various sources reported that a German government official announced that the leaders will address protectionism in investment. [26] , [27]

On October 15, 2006, Ulrich Schäfer of Sueddeutsche Zeitung reported that according to the confidential program for the summit, the G8 will discuss the social dimension of globalization, the structure and reform of social security in developing countries, and investment in worker efficiency and human capital as the key to economic and social development and lasting growth. [28]

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Innovation and Trademark Piracy

As of October 18, 2006, the importance of innovation in knowledge-based societies and the need to protect innovation from product and trademark piracy are on Merkel's tentative G8 agenda. [29]

On October 18, 2006, a German government official announced that the leaders will discuss promoting innovation. [30]

On October 15, various sources reported that the German federal government announced that one of the main summit issues is product piracy. [31] , [32] Ulrich Schäfer of Sueddeutsche Zeitung reported that Germany will seek to initiate a structured dialogue with the developing countries over the protection of the intellectual property, new international agreements to make trading falsified products more difficult and strengthen the existing national and international rules. [33]

On August 1, 2006, the German G8 Sherpa office disclosed that while no definite decisions concerning key topics have officially been made, intellectual property rights will be a priority at the summit. [34]

On July 27, 2006, the Financial Times reported that the central topics of the German summit will be global economic imbalances, energy and intellectual property protection. [35]

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Sustainable Resource Use

On December 1, 2006, Merkel said that climate change will play a "major role" in Germany's G8 presidency. [36] Merkel has appointed two special advisors, Hans Joachim Schnellnhuber, head of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Research, and Lars Goeran Josefsson of the energy company Vattenfall to develop German policy that is in line with the views of science and industry. [37] Merkel stated that "Climate change is one of the biggest challenges facing mankind... On the one hand we need the know-how ... and on the other we need support from the private sector." [38]

As of October 18, 2006, the need for sustainable resource use, energy efficient, climate change and the Kyoto Process are on Merkel's tentative G8 agenda. [39] Kyoto was singled out to "play an important role" on the agenda. [40]

On October 18, 2006, various sources reported that the discussion of the world economy would not be a pure "capitalist agenda." [41] It will include the social dimensions of the world economy, responsible resource use, alternative energy, climate change [42] and energy efficiency. [43] , [44] One official stated that nuclear power will not be on the agenda. [45] Energy efficiency is a key theme, both in terms of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and ensuring efficient use of oil and gas supplies in the face of high prices. [46]

On October 15, 2006, Ulrich Schäfer of Sueddeutsche Zeitung reported that according to the confidential program for the summit, the G8 will discuss climate change and the future of the Kyoto protocol. [47] Merkel wants the G8 to set verifiable and attainable goals to increase the use of alternative fuels, particularly biofuels. [48] On climate change, Merkel seeks a new quality of cooperation regarding access to raw materials between producer, transit and consumer countries, because "the world-wide competition for resources so far has few rules." [49]

On October 3, 2006, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov told reporters that environmental protection will be high on the agenda in 2007 and that Russia is "preparing to hand over the relay to the German friends." [50]

On September 28, 2006, Deutsche Welle reported that Merkel named climate change as her presidency's top priority for the summit. [51] Merkel also stated that she will use Germany's EU presidency to push for reduced energy use and more energy efficiency. [52] Merkel stated that "To prevent global warming, the nations with the largest emissions of gases that are causing climate change have to take part... That's why we will make this an important issue once again on the agenda during our G8 presidency... China, India and other countries are now much more aware of the risks... As a result, the ground is now more fertile than it once was... We urgently need agreements for the period after 2012 when the Kyoto Protocol expires. Germany will do all it can within its realm as president of both the G8 and the EU ... We have a great chance next year to have an international impact." [53]

On August 1, 2006, the German G8 Sherpa office disclosed that while no definite decisions concerning key topics have officially been made, energy and climate change will be priorities at the summit. [54]

On July 27, 2006, the Financial Times reported that a central topic of the German summit will be energy. [55]

On July 19, 2006, Deutsche Welle reported that sustainable, renewable and environmentally sound energy policy will be a topic for the summit. [56]

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Africa: Good Governance, Sustainable Investment, Peace and Security

As of October 17, according to the Financial Times, the second part of the draft agenda has four chapters: "durable economic growth for the development of Africa," "good public governance," "peace and security as conditions for development," and "the fight against HIV and Aids." [57]

Partnership for Reform

As of October 18, 2006, G8 partnerships for reform with African countries and a new policy approach to Africa are on Merkel's tentative G8 agenda. [58]

On October 18, 2006, a spokesperson for the German Treasury stated that in the context of Africa, Germany is expected to propose that each G8 country should sign a partnership agreement with an African country, [59] with preference given to those countries that are undertaking political reform and are seeking to attract foreign investment. [60] Regarding the New Partnership with Africa, German officials told journalists that "The basic argument is that we need a new and stable framework for investment in Africa." Africa countries that are pursuing good governance, fighting corruption and using raw materials responsibly will be rewarded with partnership agreements and business deals. [61]

On October 18, 2006, the German cabinet discussed a 17-page proposed agenda for the summit, produced by German sherpa Bernd Pfaffenbach. [62] The document outlined Germany's plan to have each G8 member sign a partnership agreement with an Africa country that "that [is] willing to enter reform partnerships to be especially supported," with preference given to democratic states that are investor-friendly. [63] , [64]

On October 15, 2006, Ulrich Schäfer of Sueddeutsche Zeitung reported that according to the confidential program for the summit, Merkel will focus on African countries that advance social and political reforms and open their country for private investments. [65] She stated that donor countries should particularly support "those countries, which are ready for reform partnerships." [66] Merkel will focus on the Gleneagles Africa Action Plan. [67]

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Health and HIV/AIDS

As of October 18, 2006, strengthening health care systems and the fight against HIV/AIDS are on Merkel's tentative G8 agenda. [68]

On October 18, 2006, German government officials stated that African discussion will include assistance for public health and the fight against HIV/AIDS. [69]

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African Economic Development

As of October 18, 2006, African economic development, encouraging private investment (by supporting democracy, anti-corruption measures and resource sovereignty) are on Merkel's tentative G8 agenda. [70]

On October 18, 2006, German government officials stated that African discussion will include ensuring good governance, fighting corruption, and encouraging growth and investment in Africa. [71] It will also include reducing violence and giving Africa back its ability to govern its own resources. [72] Another source stated that the African agenda will include energy and environment. [73]

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African Outreach

As of October 18, 2006, according to Merkel's tentative G8 agenda, African representatives will be invited to participate in some summit sessions. [74]

On October 18, 2006, German government officials stated that African participants will attend the summit (although which countries will attend has yet to be determined). [75]

On October 15, 2006, officials reported that Germany plans to invite the heads of government from African countries to a separate summit on Africa in Germany before the G8 summit. [76] The focus of the summit will be to encourage private investment in Africa. [77] The African summit is being organized by German Cooperation Minister Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul, and will be held in Germany, tentatively in May 2007. [78]

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Cooperation with Emerging Countries

As of October 18, 2006, according to Merkel's tentative G8 agenda, China, India, Brazil, Mexico and South Africa will be invited to attend the summit. [79] Specific issues will be discussed, but Merkel's tentative agenda states that "the unity of the G8 as a group based on shared values is to be preserved." [80]

On October 18, 2006, German officials confirmed that China, Brazil, India, Mexico and South Africa will be invited to the summit, but that the G8 will not be expanded. [81] Agence France Presse reported that the outreach countries will participate in the discussions on counterfeit products, rules governing working conditions, and the climate change. [82] Another source suggested that the outreach countries will attend the discussion on the framework conditions of globalization. [83]

On July 27, 2006, the Financial Times reported that Merkel rejected a proposal to extend G8 membership to include China, India, Brazil, South Africa and Mexico. [84] This proposal was supported by the UK. [85]

On July 17, 2006, Chancellor Merkel stated that Mexico, Brazil and other countries invited to the 2006 summit will be invited to attend the G8 summit in 2007. [86]

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Middle East

On July 19, 2006, Chancellor Merkel announced to Russian reporters that "The topics will depend on the situation in the world then and will probably include a discussion on Iran, the Middle East conflict." [87]

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Physical Preparations

On November 22, 2006, the German Federal Office of Criminal Investigations President, Joerg Ziercke, announced that approximately 10,000 police officers will be on duty during the summit. [88] Between 50,000 to 100,000 participants are expected at counter-summit events. [89]

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Notes

[1] Bundesregierung (October 18, 2006), "Focuses of the German G8 presidency," accessed November 2, 2006, www.bundesregierung.de/nn_6538/Content/EN/Artikel/2006/10/2006-10-18-schwerpunkte-deutsche-g8-pr_C3_A4sidentschaft__en.html

[2] Bundesregierung (October 18, 2006), "Focuses of the German G8 presidency," accessed November 2, 2006, www.bundesregierung.de/nn_6538/Content/EN/Artikel/2006/10/2006-10-18-schwerpunkte-deutsche-g8-pr_C3_A4sidentschaft__en.html

[3] Bundesregierung (October 18, 2006), "Focuses of the German G8 presidency," accessed November 2, 2006, www.bundesregierung.de/nn_6538/Content/EN/Artikel/2006/10/2006-10-18-schwerpunkte-deutsche-g8-pr_C3_A4sidentschaft__en.html

[4] Bundesregierung (October 18, 2006), "Focuses of the German G8 presidency," accessed November 2, 2006, www.bundesregierung.de/nn_6538/Content/EN/Artikel/2006/10/2006-10-18-schwerpunkte-deutsche-g8-pr_C3_A4sidentschaft__en.html

[5] Associated Press Newswires (October 18, 2006), "Germany sets agenda for next year's G-8."

[6] Associated Press Newswires (October 18, 2006), "Germany sets agenda for next year's G-8."

[7] Financial Times (October 18, 2006), "Hedge fund transparency put on G8 agenda."

[8] Bundesregierung (October 18, 2006), "Focuses of the German G8 presidency," accessed November 2, 2006, www.bundesregierung.de/nn_6538/Content/EN/Artikel/2006/10/2006-10-18-schwerpunkte-deutsche-g8-pr_C3_A4sidentschaft__en.html

[9] Dow Jones International News (October 18, 2006), "Germany to Address Global Imbalances at G8 in 07."

[10] Dow Jones International News (October 18, 2006), "Germany to Address Global Imbalances at G8 in 07."

[11] Associated Press Newswires (October 18, 2006), "Germany sets agenda for next year's G-8."

[12] Dow Jones International News (October 18, 2006), "Germany to Address Global Imbalances at G8 in 07."

[13] Associated Press Newswires (October 18, 2006), "Germany sets agenda for next year's G-8."

[14] Bertrand Benoit (Berlin) and Mark Schieritz (Frankfurt) (July 27, 2006), "Germany plans to shake up G8 agenda," The Financial Times.

[15] Bundesregierung (October 18, 2006), "Focuses of the German G8 presidency," accessed November 2, 2006, www.bundesregierung.de/nn_6538/Content/EN/Artikel/2006/10/2006-10-18-schwerpunkte-deutsche-g8-pr_C3_A4sidentschaft__en.html

[16] BBC Monitoring European (October 19, 2006), "Protests planned against G8 in Germany in June 2007."

[17] Dow Jones International News (October 18, 2006), "Germany to Address Global Imbalances at G8 in 07."

[18] The Guardian (October 19, 2006), "Germany to put debt and aid for Africa at top of G8 agenda."

[19] Dow Jones International News (October 18, 2006), "Germany to Address Global Imbalances at G8 in 07."

[20] Financial Times (October 18, 2006), "Hedge fund transparency put on G8 agenda."

[21] Financial Times (October 18, 2006), "Hedge fund transparency put on G8 agenda."

[22] Financial Times (October 18, 2006), "Hedge fund transparency put on G8 agenda."

[23] Agence France Presse (October 18, 2006), "Germany's G8: dialogue with new eco players and rewards for Africa."

[24] Ulrich Schäfer (October 15, 2006), "Vertrauliches Programm für den Weltwirtschaftsgipfel 2007," Sueddeutsche Zeitung, Accessed October 19, 2006, www.sueddeutsche.de/wirtschaft/artikel/758/88670/

[25] Bundesregierung (October 18, 2006), "Focuses of the German G8 presidency," accessed November 2, 2006, www.bundesregierung.de/nn_6538/Content/EN/Artikel/2006/10/2006-10-18-schwerpunkte-deutsche-g8-pr_C3_A4sidentschaft__en.html

[26] Dow Jones International News (October 18, 2006), "Germany to Address Global Imbalances at G8 in 07."

[27] BBC Monitoring European (October 18, 2006), "German G8 presidency to focus on hedge funds, product piracy, Africa."

[28] Ulrich Schäfer (October 15, 2006), "Vertrauliches Programm für den Weltwirtschaftsgipfel 2007," Sueddeutsche Zeitung, Accessed October 19, 2006, www.sueddeutsche.de/wirtschaft/artikel/758/88670/

[29] Bundesregierung (October 18, 2006), "Focuses of the German G8 presidency," accessed November 2, 2006, www.bundesregierung.de/nn_6538/Content/EN/Artikel/2006/10/2006-10-18-schwerpunkte-deutsche-g8-pr_C3_A4sidentschaft__en.html

[30] Dow Jones International News (October 18, 2006), "Germany to Address Global Imbalances at G8 in 07."

[31] BBC Monitoring European (October 19, 2006), "Protests planned against G8 in Germany in June 2007."

[32] Ulrich Schäfer (October 15, 2006), "Vertrauliches Programm für den Weltwirtschaftsgipfel 2007," Sueddeutsche Zeitung, Accessed October 19, 2006, www.sueddeutsche.de/wirtschaft/artikel/758/88670/

[33] Ulrich Schäfer (October 15, 2006), "Vertrauliches Programm für den Weltwirtschaftsgipfel 2007," Sueddeutsche Zeitung, Accessed October 19, 2006, www.sueddeutsche.de/wirtschaft/artikel/758/88670/

[34] Mona Bricke (August 31, 2006), Email to Intngo listserve.

[35] Bertrand Benoit (Berlin) and Mark Schieritz (Frankfurt) (July 27, 2006), "Germany plans to shake up G8 agenda," The Financial Times.

[36] Associated Press Newswires (December 1, 2006), "Merkel pledges to make climate protection key part of Germany's G-8, EU presidencies."

[37] Associated Press Newswires (December 1, 2006), "Merkel pledges to make climate protection key part of Germany's G-8, EU presidencies."

[38] Associated Press Newswires (December 1, 2006), "Merkel pledges to make climate protection key part of Germany's G-8, EU presidencies."

[39] Bundesregierung (October 18, 2006), "Focuses of the German G8 presidency," accessed November 2, 2006, www.bundesregierung.de/nn_6538/Content/EN/Artikel/2006/10/2006-10-18-schwerpunkte-deutsche-g8-pr_C3_A4sidentschaft__en.html

[40] Bundesregierung (October 18, 2006), "Focuses of the German G8 presidency," accessed November 2, 2006, www.bundesregierung.de/nn_6538/Content/EN/Artikel/2006/10/2006-10-18-schwerpunkte-deutsche-g8-pr_C3_A4sidentschaft__en.html

[41] BBC Monitoring European (October 18, 2006), "German G8 presidency to focus on hedge funds, product piracy, Africa."

[42] The Guardian (October 19, 2006), "Germany to put debt and aid for Africa at top of G8 agenda."

[43] BBC Monitoring European (October 18, 2006), "German G8 presidency to focus on hedge funds, product piracy, Africa."

[44] Dow Jones International News (October 18, 2006), "Germany to Address Global Imbalances at G8 in 07."

[45] Dow Jones International News (October 18, 2006), "Germany to Address Global Imbalances at G8 in 07."

[46] Associated Press Newswires (October 18, 2006), "Germany sets agenda for next year's G-8."

[47] Ulrich Schäfer (October 15, 2006), "Vertrauliches Programm für den Weltwirtschaftsgipfel 2007," Sueddeutsche Zeitung, Accessed October 19, 2006, www.sueddeutsche.de/wirtschaft/artikel/758/88670/

[48] Ulrich Schäfer (October 15, 2006), "Vertrauliches Programm für den Weltwirtschaftsgipfel 2007," Sueddeutsche Zeitung, Accessed October 19, 2006, www.sueddeutsche.de/wirtschaft/artikel/758/88670/

[49] Ulrich Schäfer (October 15, 2006), "Vertrauliches Programm für den Weltwirtschaftsgipfel 2007," Sueddeutsche Zeitung, Accessed October 19, 2006, www.sueddeutsche.de/wirtschaft/artikel/758/88670/

[50] ITAR-TASS World Service (October 3, 2006), "G8 summit in Germany to focus on environmental protection—Lavrov."

[51] Deutsche Welle (September 28, 2006), "Merkel to Target Climate Change as G8, EU Leader," accessed October 2, 2006 <www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,2188336,00.html?maca=en-bulletin-433-html>.

[52] Deutsche Welle (September 28, 2006), "Merkel to Target Climate Change as G8, EU Leader," accessed October 2, 2006 <www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,2188336,00.html?maca=en-bulletin-433-html>.

[53] Deutsche Welle (September 28, 2006), "Merkel to Target Climate Change as G8, EU Leader," accessed October 2, 2006 <www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,2188336,00.html?maca=en-bulletin-433-html>.

[54] Mona Bricke (August 31, 2006), Email to Intngo listserve.

[55] Bertrand Benoit (Berlin) and Mark Schieritz (Frankfurt) (July 27, 2006), "Germany plans to shake up G8 agenda," The Financial Times.

[56] Jabeen Bhatti (July 19, 2006), "German H8 Presidency: Changes in Style and Substance," Deutsche Welle. Accessed July 23, 2006. www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,2144,2103556,00.html.

[57] Financial Times (17 October, 2006), "FT.com site: Hedge fund transparency put on G8 agenda."

[58] Bundesregierung (October 18, 2006), "Focuses of the German G8 presidency," accessed November 2, 2006, www.bundesregierung.de/nn_6538/Content/EN/Artikel/2006/10/2006-10-18-schwerpunkte-deutsche-g8-pr_C3_A4sidentschaft__en.html

[59] Joe De Capua (October 18, 2006), "VOA News: Germany to make Africa Priority at Next G8 Summit," The Voice of America.

[60] All Africa (October 18, 2006), "German Cabinet Announced Africa to be Focus of 2007 G8 Summit."

[61] Agence France Presse (October 18, 2006), "Germany's G8: dialogue with new eco players and rewards for Africa."

[62] Ulrich Schäfer (October 15, 2006), "Vertrauliches Programm für den Weltwirtschaftsgipfel 2007," Sueddeutsche Zeitung, Accessed October 19, 2006, www.sueddeutsche.de/wirtschaft/artikel/758/88670/

[63] Deutsche Welle (October 16, 2006), "Germany to Push for G8 Partnerships with Africa."

[64] BBC Monitoring European (October 18, 2006), "German G8 presidency to focus on hedge funds, product piracy, Africa."

[65] Ulrich Schäfer (October 15, 2006), "Vertrauliches Programm für den Weltwirtschaftsgipfel 2007," Sueddeutsche Zeitung, Accessed October 19, 2006, www.sueddeutsche.de/wirtschaft/artikel/758/88670/

[66] Ulrich Schäfer (October 15, 2006), "Vertrauliches Programm für den Weltwirtschaftsgipfel 2007," Sueddeutsche Zeitung, Accessed October 19, 2006, www.sueddeutsche.de/wirtschaft/artikel/758/88670/

[67] Ulrich Schäfer (October 15, 2006), "Vertrauliches Programm für den Weltwirtschaftsgipfel 2007," Sueddeutsche Zeitung, Accessed October 19, 2006, www.sueddeutsche.de/wirtschaft/artikel/758/88670/

[68] Bundesregierung (October 18, 2006), "Focuses of the German G8 presidency," accessed November 2, 2006, www.bundesregierung.de/nn_6538/Content/EN/Artikel/2006/10/2006-10-18-schwerpunkte-deutsche-g8-pr_C3_A4sidentschaft__en.html

[69] Associated Press Newswires (October 18, 2006), "Germany sets agenda for next year's G-8."

[70] Bundesregierung (October 18, 2006), "Focuses of the German G8 presidency," accessed November 2, 2006, www.bundesregierung.de/nn_6538/Content/EN/Artikel/2006/10/2006-10-18-schwerpunkte-deutsche-g8-pr_C3_A4sidentschaft__en.html

[71] Associated Press Newswires (October 18, 2006), "Germany sets agenda for next year's G-8."

[72] BBC Monitoring European (October 18, 2006), "German G8 presidency to focus on hedge funds, product piracy, Africa."

[73] Reuters (October 18, 2006), "Lobby groups welcome Germany focus on Africa for G8."

[74] Bundesregierung (October 18, 2006), "Focuses of the German G8 presidency," accessed November 2, 2006, www.bundesregierung.de/nn_6538/Content/EN/Artikel/2006/10/2006-10-18-schwerpunkte-deutsche-g8-pr_C3_A4sidentschaft__en.html

[75] Associated Press Newswires (October 18, 2006), "Germany sets agenda for next year's G-8."

[76] All Africa (October 18, 2006), "German Cabinet Announced Africa to be Focus of 2007 G8 Summit."

[77] The Guardian (October 19, 2006), "Germany to put debt and aid for Africa at top of G8 agenda."

[78] Agence France Presse (October 18, 2006), "Germany's G8: dialogue with new eco players and rewards for Africa."

[79] Bundesregierung (October 18, 2006), "Focuses of the German G8 presidency," accessed November 2, 2006, www.bundesregierung.de/nn_6538/Content/EN/Artikel/2006/10/2006-10-18-schwerpunkte-deutsche-g8-pr_C3_A4sidentschaft__en.html

[80] Bundesregierung (October 18, 2006), "Focuses of the German G8 presidency," accessed November 2, 2006, www.bundesregierung.de/nn_6538/Content/EN/Artikel/2006/10/2006-10-18-schwerpunkte-deutsche-g8-pr_C3_A4sidentschaft__en.html

[81] The Guardian (October 19, 2006), "Germany to put debt and aid for Africa at top of G8 agenda."

[82] Agence France Presse (October 18, 2006), "Germany's G8: dialogue with new eco players and rewards for Africa."

[83] BBC Monitoring European (October 18, 2006), "German G8 presidency to focus on hedge funds, product piracy, Africa."

[84] Bertrand Benoit (Berlin) and Mark Schieritz (Frankfurt) (July 27, 2006), "Germany plans to shake up G8 agenda," The Financial Times.

[85] Bertrand Benoit (Berlin) and Mark Schieritz (Frankfurt) (July 27, 2006), "Germany plans to shake up G8 agenda," The Financial Times.

[86] Regnum (July 17, 2006), "German chancellor does not know G8 agenda for 2007," Accessed July 23, 2006. www.regnum.ru/english/674931.html.

[87] Jabeen Bhatti (July 19, 2006), "German H8 Presidency: Changes in Style and Substance," Deutsche Welle. Accessed July 23, 2006. www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,2144,2103556,00.html.

[88] BBC Monitoring European (November 22, 2006), "German authority fears terror attacks during 2007 G8 summit."

[89] BBC Monitoring European (November 22, 2006), "German authority fears terror attacks during 2007 G8 summit."

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Earlier Versions

July 23, 2006
August 1, 2006
September 6, 2006
October 2, 2006
October 19, 2006


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