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2010 Muskoka G8 Summit
Interim Compliance Report

26 June 2010 to 8 February 2011
Prepared by Melanie Clarke, Amadeus Domaradzki, Adam McCauley, Netila Demneri and Salahuddin Rafiquddin
with Jenilee Guebert,
G8 Research Group, Trinity College, Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto
Toronto
and Mark Rakhmangulov
National Research University Higher School of Economics International Organisations Research Institute
Moscow

21 February 2011

The 2010 Muskoka G8 Summit Interim Compliance Report reviews progress made on selected commitments set out at the 2010 Muskoka Summit for the period of 26 June 2010 to 8 February 2011. The preface and summary of the findings are listed below. The 2010 Interim Compliance Scores and Summary Compliance Scores since 1996 are also listed below.

Download the full 2010 Muskoka G8 Summit Interim Compliance Report (PDF, 276 pages), or download the each section below.

The report contains the following sections, which can be downloaded separately:

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Preface

Each year since 1996, the G8 Research Group has produced a compliance report on the progress made by the G8 member countries in meeting the priority commitments issued at each summit. Since 2002, the group has published both an interim report, timed to assess progress at the moment of the transition between one country’s year as host and the next, and a final report issued just before the leaders’ annual summit. These reports, which monitor each country’s efforts on a carefully chosen selection of the many commitments announced at the end of each summit, are offered to the general public and to policy makers, academics, civil society, the media and interested citizens around the world in an effort to make the work of the G8 more transparent, accessible and effective, and to provide scientific data to enable the meaningful analysis of the impact of this unique and informal institution. Compliance reports are available at the G8 Information Centre at www.g8.utoronto.ca/compliance.

The G8 Research Group is an independent organization based at the University of Toronto. Founded in 1987, it is an international network of scholars, professionals and students that has as its mission to serve as the leading independent source of information and analysis on the G8. The group oversees the G8 Information Centre, which publishes, free of charge, research on the G8 and the official documents issued by the G8.

For the 2010 Interim Compliance report, 18 priority commitments were selected from the 73 commitments made at the Muskoka Summit, hosted by Canada from 25 to 26 June 2010. This report assesses the results of compliance with those commitments as of 8 February 2011. The G8 Research Group in Toronto worked with a team at the National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE) in Moscow, as it has since 2006, led by Mark Rakhmangulov, especially on the reports for Russia.

To make its assessments, the G8 Research Group relies on publicly available information, documentation and media reports. To ensure the accuracy, comprehensiveness and integrity of these reports, we encourage comments and suggestions. Indeed, this is a living document, and the scores can be recalibrated if new material becomes available. All feedback remains anonymous. Responsibility for this report’s contents lies exclusively with the authors and analysts of the G8 Research Group.

The work of the G8 Research Group would not be possible without the steadfast dedication of many people around the world. This report is the product of a team of energetic and hard-working analysts led by Netila Demneri, Chair of the student executive, as well as the Vice-Chair, Salahuddin Rafiquddin, and the co-chairs of the Compliance Unit: Melanie Clarke, Amadeus Domaradzki and Adam McCauley. It would also not be possible without the support of Dr. Ella Kokotsis, Director of Compliance, and Jenilee Guebert, Director of Research. We are also indebted to the many individuals who provided feedback on our draft version, whose comments have been carefully considered in this revised report.

John Kirton
Director
G8 Research Group

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Summary

The University of Toronto G8 Research Group’s 2010 Muskoka G8 Summit Interim Compliance Report is based on an analysis of compliance by G8 members states and the European Union with a selection of 18 priority commitments made at the Muskoka Summit. The report covers the period from 26 June 2010 to 8 February 2011. This timeframe allows for an assessment of compliance part way between the 2010 Muskoka Summit and the forthcoming Deauville Summit, which will be hosted by France on 26-27 May 2011.

The observations contained in this report are drawn from publicly available sources available between 26 June 2010 and 8 February 2011.

The Interim Compliance Scores are contained in Table A. Table B contains compliance scores for the period of 1996 to 2009.

The Overall Interim Compliance Score

The results indicate that G8 members achieved an average interim compliance score of +0.41 for the period 26 June 2010 to 8 February 2011. This compares with an interim compliance score of +0.33 for 2009. Individual scores are assigned on a scale where +1 indicates full compliance with the stated commitment, 0 indicates partial compliance or a work in progress, and -1 indicates a failure to comply or action taken that is directly opposite to the stated goal of the commitment.

Compliance by Member

Canada stands first, a rise from its usual second-place spot. It is tied in first place with the EU. Russia, which traditionally has ranked between sixth and eighth, is in second place. The United Kingdom, historically ranked first, is now tied for third place with Germany and the United States. France is scored fourth. Japan came in fifth place, having scored within one rank of its historical average. Italy has scored sixth for compliance.

The Compliance Gap Between Members

The compliance gap between members has decreased compared to previous interim reports. The difference between the highest and lowest G8 member compliance scores is now +0.39, compared to the interim compliance gap of +0.88 in 2009 and the +0.65 in 2008.

Compliance by Commitment

Overall compliance by commitment is almost uniformly positive, ranging from 0 to +1. The one exception is the commitment on Health Care Funding, which scored an average of -0.67. This is the only commitment to score below zero, compared to four last year and five the year before. One commitment scored a 0 average. Eight commitments scored between 0 and +0.50. Seven commitments scored above +0.50, which is a drop from last year’s ten. One commitment received a score of +1, as did one last year.

Security commitments received the highest average compliance scores. Both Civilian Security Systems and Non-Proliferation scored high averages at +0.78 and +0.89, respectively. Afghanistan scored the only +1.00 score. Nuclear Safety scored at the low end with an average of +0.22.

Compliance with commitments on Terrorism was generally strong, with International Cooperation, Enhancing Security and Capacity Building receiving average scores of +0.67, +0.78 and +0.56, respectively. The average score for the three is +0.67, an increase of +0.11 from last year’s Terrorism average.

Compliance with the commitment on Natural Disasters received a high score of +0.78.

Trade received a score of +0.22, which is a significant increase from last year’s score of 0.78.

Commitments dealing with the international framework for development assistance proved variable. Official Development Assistance received an average score of +0.67 and Good Governance (the Kimberley Process) received a score of +0.33. Health Care Funding scored 0.67, the only negative score. The commitments on HIV/AIDS and Neglected Tropical Diseases each scored +0.22. Similarly low averages were scored by the commitments on Food and Agriculture, with the L’Aquila Food Security Initiative and the Principles for Investment receiving scores of 0 and +0.22, respectively.

Compliance with commitments on Climate Change was generally low, with Mid-Term Emissions Reductions and Implementation of the Copenhagen Accord scoring averages of +0.22 and +0.11 respectively. The average score for the two commitments is +0.17, well below the +0.53 average for compliance on Climate Change commitments from 2009 and the +0.39 average score of the 2008 Climate Change commitments.

Future Research and Reports

The information contained within this report provides G8 member countries and other stakeholders with an indication of their compliance in the initial post-Muskoka period. As with previous compliance reports, this report has been produced as an invitation for others to provide additional or more complete information on country compliance. As always, comments are welcomed and would be considered as part of an analytical reassessment. Please send feedback to g8@utoronto.ca.

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Table A: 2010 Muskoka Interim Compliance Scores

Commitment Name
Canada
France
Germany
Italy
Japan
Russia
United Kingdom
United States
European Union
Average
Official Development Assistance [4]
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0.67
Health: Health Care Funding [11]
1
-1
0
-1
-1
-1
-1
-1
-1
-0.67
Health: HIV/AIDS [14]
1
0
0
-1
1
0
-1
1
1
0.22
Neglected Tropical Diseases [18]
1
0
1
-1
-1
0
1
1
0
0.22
Food and Agriculture: L’Aquila Food Security Initiative [19]
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.00
Food and Agriculture: Principles for Investment [20]
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0.22
Good Governance: Kimberley Process [22]
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0.33
Climate Change: Mid-Term Emissions Reductions [26]
-1
1
1
0
-1
1
1
-1
1
0.22
Climate Change: Implementation of Copenhagen Accord [27]
0
1
1
-1
-1
0
0
0
1
0.11
Trade [38]
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0.22
Non-Proliferation [39]
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
0.89
Nuclear Safety [43]
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0.22
Regional Security: Afghanistan [51]
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1.00
Natural Disasters [55]
1
1
0
1
1
0
1
1
1
0.78
Regional Security: Civilian Security Systems [59]
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.89
Terrorism: International Cooperation [65]
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
1
0.67
Terrorism: Enhancing Security [68]
1
-1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.78
Terrorism: Capacity Building [70]
1
0
1
1
0
1
1
0
0
0.56
Country Average
0.56
0.33
0.44
0.17
0.22
0.50
0.44
0.44
0.56
0.41

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Table B: G8 Compliance by Country, 1996–2009

 

 

Lyon
1996

Denver
1997

Birmingham
1998

Cologne
1999

Okinawa
2000

Genoa
200

Kananaskis
2002

Evian
2003

Sea Island
2004

Final

Final

Final

Final

Final

Final

Interim

Final

Interim

Final

Interim

Final

Canada

0.47

0.17

0.50

0.67

0.83

0.82

0.77

0.82

0.58

0.83

0.50

0.72

France

0.28

0.00

0.25

0.34

0.92

0.69

0.38

0.64

0.50

0.75

0.39

0.50

Germany

0.58

0.17

0.25

0.17

1.00

0.59

0.08

0.18

0.42

0.50

0.50

0.67

Italy

0.43

0.50

0.67

0.34

0.89

0.57

0.00

-0.11

0.38

0.25

0.39

0.44

Japan

0.22

0.50

0.20

0.67

0.82

0.44

0.10

0.18

0.42

0.42

0.33

0.39

Russia

N/A

0.00

0.34

0.17

0.14

0.11

0.14

0.00

0.42

0.33

0.00

0.06

UK

0.42

0.50

0.75

0.50

1.00

0.69

0.42

0.55

0.58

0.50

0.50

0.67

US

0.42

0.34

0.60

0.50

0.67

0.35

0.25

0.36

0.50

0.50

0.44

0.72

EU

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.50

0.72

G8 + EU

0.40

0.27

0.45

0.39

0.78

0.53

0.27

0.33

0.48

0.51

0.39

0.54

Number of commitments

19

6

7

6

12

9

13

11

12

12

18

18

 

 

Gleneagles
2005

St. Petersburg
2006

Heiligendamm
2007

Hokkaido-Toyako
2008

L'Aquila
2009

Interim

Final

Interim

Final

Interim

Final

Interim

Final

Interim

Final

Canada

0.52

0.81

0.45

0.60

0.22

0.65

0.20

0.75

0.5

0.67

France

0.48

0.57

0.30

0.40

0.17

0.52

-0.05

0.2

0.25

0.42

Germany

0.33

0.88

0.45

0.55

0.48

0.57

0.40

0.6

0.29

0.42

Italy

0.43

0.29

-0.10

0.05

0.13

0.17

-0.20

0.1

-0.25

0.04

Japan

0.52

0.52

0.30

0.40

0.04

0.30

-0.10

0.35

0.54

0.75

Russia

-0.14

0.14

0.25

0.45

0.17

0.30

0.05

0.25

0.21

0.33

UK

0.67

0.95

0.55

0.60

0.61

0.70

0.45

0.8

0.63

0.83

US

0.71

0.81

0.35

0.60

0.78

0.91

0.45

0.8

0.42

0.63

EU

0.75

0.89

0.58

0.58

0.39

0.48

0.20

0.55

0.42

0.67

G8 + EU

0.47

0.65

0.35

0.47

0.33

0.51

0.16

0.48

0.33

0.53

Number of commitments

21

21

20

20

23

23

20

20

24

24

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Research Team

Professor John Kirton, Director, G8 Research Group
Professor Marina Larionova, Head, HSE International Organisations Research Institute
Dr. Ella Kokotsis, Director of Compliance, G8 Research Group
Jenilee Guebert, Director of Research, G8 Research Group
Netila Demneri, Chair, G8 Research Group
Salahuddin Rafiquddin, Vice-Chair, G8 Research Group
Melanie Clarke, Co-Chair, Compliance Unit
Amadeus Domaradzki, Co-Chair, Compliance Unit
Adam McCauley, Co-Chair, Compliance Unit
Mark Rakhmangulov, HSE Research Team Leader

Lead Analysts

Natalie Antonowicz
Rebecca Blanchard
Kevin Draper
Taryn McKenzie-Mohr
Ashley Pereira
Ava-Dayna Sefa
Selena Lucien Shaboian
Hamish van der Ven
Vivian Wei

Analysts at the University of Toronto

Mina Akrami
Nerin Ali
Katie Andrews
Natalie Antonowicz
Amy Barlow
Sarah Beard
Julie Beckstead
Eleanor Berenson
James Marcus Bridger
Nadia Bucciarelli
Catherine Cantral
Tina Chang
Kelvin Chen
Vanessa Cheng
Dave Cordingley
Laura Correa Ochoa
Salvator Cusimano
Jessie Date-Ampofo
Anjela Deyanska
Natalie Dytyniak
Tine Elgsaether
Emily Evangelista
Vera Gavrilova
Allison Gibbons
Igor Gontcharov
Alisa Gorokhova
Irina Grechukhina
Sammy Halabi
Jasmine Hamade
Michael Hanrahan
Nayma Hasan
Angelo Hsu
Ren Hui Yoong
Amanda Iadipaolo
Mehreen Imtiaz
Nikola Jankovic
Jemy Joseph
Chi Chung Kenson Tong
Nessa Kenny
Kelsey Komorowski
Sara Lee
Mimi Liu
Yiping Luo
Andrew Lynes
Mauran Manogaran
Vincent Manzenberger
Taryn McKenzie-Mohr
Nick McLean
Tobias McVey
Vitaly Nagornov
Leah Nosal
Harris Quach
Aoife Quinn
Patrick Quinton-Brown
Asma Rafiquddin
Robert Schuster
Ioana Sendroiu
Saim Siddiqui
Samir Siddiqui
Tara Stankovic
Jessie Sun
Debbie Talukdar
Nabeel Thomas
Nehal Tolia
Albina Tyker
Alexander Vindua
Sabina Voicu
Nastasja Vojvodic
Joelle Westlund
Angela Wiggins
Hermonie Xie
Tina Xu
Serene Yeung

Analysts at the State University Higher School of Economics (Moscow)

Irina Grechukhina
Vitaly Nagornov
Mark Rakhmangulov
Yuriy Zaytsev

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