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2012 Camp David G8 Summit Final Compliance Report

19 May 2012 to 20 May 2013
Prepared by
Abdi Aidid, Brandon Bailey, Enko Koceku and Sarah Danruo Wang,
with Caroline Bracht
G8 Research Group, Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto,
and
Mark Rakhmangulov, Andrey Shelepov, Andrei Sakharov
National Research University Higher School of Economics International Organisations Research Institute
Moscow

14 June 2013

The 2012 Camp David G8 Summit Final Compliance Report reviews progress made on selected commitments set out at the 2012 Camp David Summit for the period of 19 May 2012 to 20 May 2013. The preface and summary of the findings are listed below. The 2012 Final Compliance Scores are also listed below.

Download the full 2012 Camp David G8 Summit Final Compliance Report (PDF, 274 pages) or download the each section below.

The report contains the following sections, which can be downloaded separately:

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Preface

Each year since 1996, the G8 Research Group has produced a compliance report on the progress made by the G8 member countries in meeting the commitments issued at each summit. Since 2002, the group has published a report issued just before the leaders' annual summit. These reports, which monitor each country's efforts on a carefully chosen selection of the many commitments announced at the end of each summit, are offered to the general public and to policy makers, academics, civil society, the media and interested citizens around the world in an effort to make the work of the G8 more transparent and accessible, and to provide scientific data to enable the meaningful analysis of this unique and informal institution. Compliance reports are available at the G8 Information Centre at www.g8.utoronto.ca/compliance.

The G8 Research Group is an independent organization based at the University of Toronto. Founded in 1987, it is an international network of scholars, professionals and students that has as its mission to serve as the leading independent source of analysis on the G8. The group oversees the G8 Information Centre, which publishes, free of charge, research on the G8 and also publishes official documents issued by the G8.

For the 2012 Final Compliance report, 17 priority commitments were selected from the commitments made at the Camp David Summit, hosted by the United States. This report assesses the results of compliance with those commitments as of 16 May 2012. As it has since 2006, the G8 Research Group in Toronto has worked with a team at the National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE) in Moscow, led by Mark Rakhmangulov, specifically on the reports for Russia.

To make its assessments, the G8 Research Group relies on publicly available information, documentation and media reports. To ensure the accuracy, comprehensiveness and integrity of these reports, we encourage comments and suggestions. Indeed, this is a living document, and the scores can be recalibrated if new material becomes available. All feedback remains anonymous and is not attributed. Responsibility for this report's contents lies exclusively with the authors and analysts of the G8 Research Group.

The work of the G8 Research Group would not be possible without the steadfast dedication of many people around the world. This report is the product of a team of energetic and hard-working analysts led by Abdi Aidid, chair of the student G8 Research Group, as well as the co-directors of the Compliance Unit: Brandon Bailey, Enko Koceku and Sarah Danruo Wang. It would also not be possible without the support of Dr. Ella Kokotsis, director of compliance, and Caroline Bracht, director of research. We are also indebted to the many people who provided feedback on our draft version, whose comments have been carefully considered in this revised report.

John Kirton
Director
G8 Research Group

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Summary

The University of Toronto G8 Research Group's Compliance Report on the 2012 Camp David Summit is based on an analysis of compliance by G8 member states and the European Union with 17 priority commitments made at the Camp David Summit and covers the period from 19 May 2012 to 20 May 2013.

The Final Compliance Scores are contained in Table A. This report is intended to provide an assessment of G8 members' compliance with the commitments made at the 2012 Camp David Summit.

The Overall Final Compliance Sc

The results of the G8 Research Group's assessments indicate that, for the period May 2012 to May 2013, the G8 member states and the European Union received an average final compliance score of +0.60. Individual scores are assigned on a scale where +1 indicates full compliance with the stated commitment, 0 is awarded for partial compliance or a work in progress, and -1 is reserved for those countries that fail to comply or that take action that is directly opposite to the stated goal of the commitment. The formula to convert a score into a percentage is P=50(S+1), where P is the percentage and S is the score. Thus the score of +0.60 is equivalent to 80% on a scale were -1 equals 0% and +1 equals 100%.

Compliance by Member

G8 members' rankings are considerably different than in previous years. The United States ranks first overall in this compliance cycle with a score of +0.88, after being tied for second with the United Kingdom and the European Union last year at +0.61. It is followed by Germany, which drastically improved to +0.76 from +0.44. Canada ranks third overall (+0.71), a modest improvement from +0.67 in 2011. Japan ranked fourth, and also experienced a significant increase to +0.66 from 2011's +0.56. Tied for fifth are France and the United Kingdom (+0.65). The European Union ranks sixth with a compliance score of +0.59, a slight drop from its 2011 score of +0.61. Italy follows with a score of +0.29, slightly lower than its 2011 total of +0.33 but considerably stronger than its 2009 and 2010 scores of +0.04 and +0.17, respectively. Russia ranks last with a score of 0.18, a dramatic drop from its 2011 score of +0.56.

The Compliance Gap Between Members

The compliance gap between members has widened considerably since the 2011 Camp David Final Report. This year, the difference between the highest and lowest G8 member compliance scores is +0.70, a considerable increase from last year's compliance gap of +0.33 and 2010's figure of +0.44. In 2009, the compliance gap was +0.71.

Compliance by Commitment

Overall compliance by commitment is almost uniformly distributed from 0 to +1, with the exception of Development: Capital Markets Access Initiative (-0.11). In 2010 and 2011, there were also two commitments that scored below zero. This is suggestive of an upward trend from 2009 and 2008, where the number of commitments below zero were four and five, respectively. Ten commitments scored above +0.50, down from eleven in 2011, but up from eight in 2010.

G8 members were awarded full compliance for four commitments: Macroeconomics: Public-Private Partnerships, Food and Agriculture: L'Aquila Nuclear Non-Proliferation: NPT, and Health. In the case of the L'Aquila Commitment, only three member states France, the United States and the European Union were scored, as they were the only three to have outstanding pledges in this compliance cycle.

The remaining two Macroeconomic commitments (Productivity and Fiscal Consolidation) received disparate scores. G8 member states were awarded an average score of +0.89 for Macroeconomics: Productivity, and a score of +0.33 for Macroeconomics: Fiscal Consolidation.

Member states also received a high score of +0.89 for the other nuclear-related commitments (Nuclear Non-Proliferation: Export Control). A similarly high score (+0.78) was awarded for Labour and Employment and for International Financial Institution Reform.

Compliance was relatively low in this year's environment-related commitment: Climate Change. G8 member states received a score of +0.11, despite receiving an average of +0.56 on 2011's environment-related commitments.

Trade: Regulatory Coherence received a score of +0.56. Member states were awarded +0.78 for their commitment to Sustainable and Inclusive Growth, with specific respect to Partnership Countries.

Scores on the two energy related commitments diverged. On Energy: Facilitating Free Trade, member states received an average score of +0.33. On Energy: Enhancing Transparency, member states received an average score of +0.67. In both cases, all member states demonstrated full or partial compliance with the commitments.

Future Research and Reports

The information contained within this report provides G8 member countries and other stakeholders with an indication of their compliance results in the post-Deauville period. As with previous compliance reports, this report has been produced as an invitation for others to provide additional or more complete information on country compliance. As always, comments are welcomed and would be considered as part of an analytical reassessment. Please send your feedback to g8@utoronto.ca.

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2012 Camp David Final Compliance Scores

Commitment Name
CDA
FRA
GER
ITA
JPN
RUS
UK
US
EU
Average
1
Macroeconomics: Fiscal Consolidation
0
+1
0
+1
0
+1
0
0
0
+0.33
2
Macroeconomics: Productivity
+1
+1
+1
+1
0
+1
+1
+1
+1
+0.89
3
Macroeconomics: Public-Private Partnership
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
4
Trade: Regulatory Coherence
+1
+1
+1
-1
+1
+1
-1
+1
+1
+0.56
5
Food and Agriculture: L'Aquila
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
6
Food and Agriculture: Food Security
+1
0
+1
-1
0
0
+1
+1
+1
+0.44
7
Nuclear Non-Proliferation: NPT
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
8
Nuclear Non-Proliferation: Export Control
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
0
+1
+1
+1
+0.89
9
Energy: Facilitating Free Trade
0
0
0
0
+1
-1
+1
+1
+1
+0.33
10
Energy: Enhancing Transparency
+1
+1
+1
0
0
+1
0
+1
+1
+0.67
11
Climate Change
+1
0
+1
-1
0
-1
0
0
+1
+0.11
12
Development: Capital Markets
0
0
-1
0
+1
-1
0
+1
-1
-0.11
13
Labour and Employment
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
-1
+1
+1
+1
+0.78
14
Crime and Corruption: Recovery
+1
0
+1
+1
+1
-1
+1
+1
-1
+0.44
15
Health
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
16
IFI Reform
+1
+1
+1
-1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+0.78
17
Good Governance
-1
0
+1
0
0
-1
+1
+1
-1
0
Final Compliance Average
0.71
0.65
0.76
0.29
0.65
0.18
0.65
0.88
0.59
0.60
2011 Final Compliance Average
0.67
0.50
0.44
0.33
0.56
0.56
0.61
0.61
0.61
0.54
2010 Final Compliance Average
0.61
0.44
0.50
0.17
0.28
0.61
0.50
0.56
0.44
0.46
2009 Final Compliance Average
0.67
0.42
0.42
0.04
0.75
0.33
0.83
0.63
0.67
0.53

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Research Team

Professor John Kirton, Director, G8 Research Group Professor Marina Larionova, Head, HSE International Organisations Research Institute
Dr. Ella Kokotsis, Director of Compliance, G8 Research Group
Caroline Bracht, Director of Research, G8 Research Group
Abdi Aidid, Chair, G8 Research Group
Brandon Bailey, Co-Director, Compliance Unit
Enko Koceku, Co-Director, Compliance Unit
Sarah Danruo Wang, Co-Director, Compliance Unit
Mark Rakhmangulov, HSE Research Team Leader
Rewa El-Oubari, Director, Civil Society Studies
Tejas Parasher, Director, Media Studies

Lead Analysts

Anna Postelnyak
Katy Macdonald
Emily Johnson
Laura Correa Ochoa
Guillaume Kishibe
Remy Sansawal

Analysts at the University of Toronto

Fahd Ahmed
Halah Akash
Sharon Akharoh
Nerin Ali
Michael Amiraslani
Mikhail Amyn
Camille Beaudoin
Kasra Behnampour
Kriti Bhatt
Jessica Boutros
Colin Campbell
Kelvin Chen
Nick Chong
Ji Won Chun
David Cosolo
Michelle Cramer
Anna Crosskill
Philippe Daudein
Tyler Donnelly
Alexandre Dos Santos
Yang Du
Andrea Farquharson
Wessley Fasshl
Raymond Gao
Aman Gill
Karuna Gill
George L. Grobe IV

Julia Hein
Tom Houston
Mike Humeniuk
Christine Jacob
Omkar Jagtap
Nikola Jankovic
Angel Ji
Joseph Jiong
Nessa Kenny
Araf Khaled
Reehan Khan
Amir Khouzam
Akbar Khurshid
Laura Kim
Guillaume Kishibe
Monika Kolodziej
Nisha Kumari
Michael Lavergne
Jennifer Li
Jenny Lieu
Andy Luu
Khalid Mahdi
Alexandria Matic
Colin McEwen
Zack Medow
Amanda Mirizzi
Liam Moloney

Scott Moore
Ho Hyun (Eric) Na
Angelin Oey
Michael Outar
Michelle Park
Derakshan Qurban-Ali
Donghao Rao
Rija Rasul
Jinwoo Rhee
Hayden Rodenkirchen
Spencer Rose
Remy Sansanwal
Ipek Sayilan
Warren Silver
Volodymyr Sukhodolskiy
Daniel Szulc
Albina Tyker
Emerson Vandenberg
Bianca Vong
Margot Whittington
Ejona Xega
Elizabeth Yando
John Yoon
Hamoon Yousefzadeh
Yang Zhao

Analysts at the State University Higher School of Economics (Moscow)

Mark Rakhmangulov
Vitaly Nagornov
Andrey Shelepov

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