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2015 G7 Schloss Elmau Summit
Final Compliance Report

9 June 2015 to 6 May 2016
Prepared by Michael Humeniuk, Jerome Newton, Christian Medeiros and Kaleem Hawa
with Caroline Bracht,
G7 Research Group

23 May 2016

The 2015 G7 Schloss Elmau Summit Final Compliance Report reviews progress made on 21 selected commitments set out at the 2015 Schloss Elmau Summit for the period of 9 June 2015 to 6 May 2016 (see Table A). The preface and summary of the findings are listed below. The 2015 G7 Schloss Elmau Final Compliance Scores, with rankings by country and by issue.

Download the full 225-page report here.

The report contains the following sections, which can be downloaded separately:

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Preface

Each year since 1996, the G7 and G8 Research Group has produced a compliance report on the progress made by the G7/8 members in meeting the commitments their leaders issue at each summit. Since 2002, the group has usually published an interim report to assess progress during the transition from one host to the next, as well as the final report issued just before the annual summit. These reports, which monitor each G7/8 member's implementation of a carefully chosen selection of the many commitments announced at the end of each summit, are offered to the general public and to policy makers, academics, civil society, the media and interested citizens around the world in an effort to make the work of the G7/8 more transparent and accessible, and to provide scientific data to enable meaningful analysis of this unique and informal institution. Compliance reports are available at the G7 Information Centre at www.g7.utoronto.ca/compliance.

Based at the University of Toronto and founded in 1987, the mission of the G7 and G8 Research Group is to serve as the leading independent source of information and analysis on the institutions, performance, issues and participants of the G7/8 summit and system of global governance. It is an global network of scholars, students and professionals. The group oversees the G7 Information Centre, which publishes freely available research on the G7/8 as well as official documents issued by the G7/8.

For the 2015 Final Compliance Report, 21 priority commitments were selected from the 376 commitments made at the Schloss Elmau Summit, hosted by Germany from 7 to 8 June 2015. This report assesses the results of compliance with those commitments as of 6 May 2016.

To make its assessments, the G7 Research Group relies on publicly available information, documentation and media reports. To ensure the accuracy, comprehensiveness and integrity of these reports, we encourage comments and suggestions. Indeed, this is a living document, and the scores can be recalibrated if new material becomes available. All feedback remains anonymous and is not attributed. Responsibility for this report's contents lies exclusively with the authors and analysts of the G7 Research Group.

This report is produced entirely on a voluntary basis. It receives no direct financial support from any source, by a process insulated from the other major activities of the G7 Research Group, such as the "briefing book" produced by Newsdesk Media or the pre-summit conferences sponsored by various institutions.

The work of the G7 Research Group would not be possible without the steadfast dedication of many people around the world. This report is the product of a team of energetic and hard-working analysts led by Michael Humeniuk, chair of summit studies, as well as the co-directors of the Compliance Unit: Jerome Newton, Christian Medeiros, and Kaleem Hawa. It would also not be possible without the support of Dr. Ella Kokotsis, director of accountability, and Caroline Bracht, senior researcher. We are also indebted to the many people who provide feedback on our drafts, whose comments have been carefully considered in this report.

John Kirton
Director
G7 Research Group

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Executive Summary

The University of Toronto G7 Research Group's Final Compliance Report on the 2015 Schloss Elmau Summit assesses the compliance of the G7 members with 21 priority commitments of the 376 commitments they made at their summit in Germany on 7-8 June 2015. These selected commitments reflect the breadth of the summit agenda. The analysis covers actions taken by G7 members since the day after the summit until 6 May 2016. The commitments are listed in Table A.

The Final Compliance Score

Compliance is measured on a three-point scale. A score of +1 indicates full compliance with a commitment, a score of 0 indicates partial compliance or a work in progress, and a score of −1 indicates non-compliance as in a failure to comply or action taken that is directly opposite to the commitment.

The average compliance scores are listed in Table B

During the assessment period of 9 June 2015 to 6 May 2016, the average compliance score was +0.68 (84%), an increase from the score of +0.60 (80%) from the Interim Compliance Report, which assessed compliance at the midway point between the Schloss Elmau Summit in 2015 and the Ise Shima Summit on 26-27 May 2016. It is also an increase from the final score of +0.63 (82%) for the 2014 Brussels Summit.

Compliance by Member

The European Union is ranked first, with a compliance score of +1.00 (100%), followed by Germany at +0.90 (95%), the United Kingdom at +0.86 (93%) and the United States (+0.81/90%) (see Table C). These four members have maintained their ranking from the 2014 Brussels Summit compliance report. France's score was equal to the average of +0.67/83%. Japan and Canada (+0.48/74% each) and Italy (+0.24/62%) had below average scores.

Compliance by Commitment

The commitment to tackle the causes of refugee crises ranked first at +1.00 (100%) (see Table D). The commitment with the second highest compliance score at +0.88 (94%) was on macroeconomic policy to foster growth. This was followed by nine commitments (infrastructure investment, fiscal flexibility, the growth agenda, Ukraine, maritime security, migrant protection, health response coordination, national action plans on health, and the advancement of the Copenhagen Accord on climate change) with a score of +0.75 (88%).

The lowest-scoring commitment was on nonproliferation with respect to the Arms Trade Treaty (at +0.25/63%).

The Compliance Gap Between Members

The results from the 2015 Schloss Elmau Summit show a difference of 0.76 between the highest and lowest compliance scores. This gap is significantly larger than in previous years, although lower than the 0.83 of the interim compliance report. The spread was 0.44 in 2014 and 0.45 in 2013.

Future Research and Reports

The information contained within this report provides G7 members and other stakeholders with an indication of their compliance results during the 2015–16 period, which spans from 9 June 2015, immediately following the 2015 Schloss Elmau Summit, to 6 May 2016. As with previous compliance reports, this report has been produced as an invitation for others to provide additional or more complete information on country compliance. Comments are always welcomed and would be considered as part of an analytical reassessment. If so, please send your feedback to g8@utoronto.ca.

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Table A: 2015 Priority Commitments Selected for Assessment*

Number Commitment
23 "To ensure that G7 countries operate at the technological frontier in the years ahead, we will foster growth by promoting education." (G7 Elmau Schloss Summit Declaration)
28 "[To ensure that G7 countries operate at the technological frontier in the years ahead, we will foster growth by] promoting quality infrastructure investment to address shortfalls through effective resource mobilization in partnership with the private sector" (G7 Elmau Schloss Summit Declaration)
31 "We will continue to implement our fiscal strategies flexibly to take into account near-term economic conditions, so as to support growth and job creation, while putting debt as a share of GDP on a sustainable path."
33 "The G7 commits to putting [protection of our climate] at the centre of our growth agenda." (G7 Schloss Elmau Summit Declaration)
37 "We will address the specific needs of women entrepreneurs, e.g. by promoting their access to finance, markets, skills, leadership opportunities and networks."
49 "We commit to strongly promoting automatic exchange of information on cross-border tax rulings."
50 "We reiterate our commitment to work with developing countries on the international tax agenda" (G7 Schloss Elmau Summit Declaration)
96 "[Based on our common values and principles we are committed to:] Strengthening the System of Multilateral Treaties/Arms Trade Treaty" (G7 Schloss Elmau Summit Declaration)
105 "[Based on our common values and principles we are committed to:] Tackling Causes for Refugee Crises."
112 "We reiterate our full support for the efforts to find a diplomatic solution to the conflict in eastern Ukraine, particularly in the framework of the Normandy format and the Trilateral Contact Group" (G7 Schloss Elmau Summit Declaration)
118 "We are committed to maintaining a rules-based order in the maritime domain based on the principles of international law, in particular as reflected in the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea" (G7 Schloss Elmau Summit Declaration)
127 "[We reaffirm our commitment to] combat the trafficking of migrants" (G7 Schloss Elmau Summit Declaration)
133 "We reaffirm our commitment to effectively implement the established international framework for the freezing of terrorists' assets, and will facilitate cross-border freezing requests among G7 countries." (G7 Schloss Elmau Summit Declaration)
150 "[The G7] will set up or strengthen mechanisms for rapid deployment of multidisciplinary teams of experts coordinated through a common platform." (G7 Schloss Elmau Summit Declaration)
153 "[We will] effectively implement our national action plans." (G7 Schloss Elmau Summit Declaration)
176 "We will stimulate … research focused on faster and targeted development of easily usable and affordable … vaccines." (G7 Schloss Elmau Summit Declaration)
187 "[We] commit to develop long term national low-carbon strategies." (G7 Schloss Elmau Summit Declaration)
188 "We reaffirm our strong commitment to the Copenhagen Accord to mobilizing jointly USD 100 billion a year by 2020 from a wide variety of sources, both public and private in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation." (G7 Schloss Elmau Summit Declaration)
192 "We will … intensify our support particularly for vulnerable countries' own efforts to manage climate change related disaster risk" (G7 Schloss Elmau Summit Declaration)
209 "We reaffirm our support for Ukraine and other vulnerable countries in their ongoing efforts to reform and liberalize their energy systems." (G7 Schloss Elmau Summit Declaration)
339 "We thus reaffirm our support for the consistent implementation of and strive to alignment of our own ODA-supported investments with the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT) and the CFS Principles for Responsible Investment in Agriculture and Food Systems" (Annex to the Leaders' Declaration)

* For the full list of commitments, please contact the G7 Research Group at g8@utoronto.ca.

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Table B: 2015 Final G7 Schloss Elmau Compliance Scores

  Canada France Germany Italy Japan United Kingdom United States European Union Average
Macroeconomic Policy: Fostering Growth +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +0.88 94%
Macroeconomic Policy: Fiscal Flexibility +1 0 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +0.75 88%
Infrastructure: Infrastructure Investment 0 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +0.75 88%
Gender: Supporting Women Entrepreneurs 0 +1 0 +1 0 0 +1 +1 +0.50 75%
Financial Regulation: AEOI +1 +1 +1 0 0 +1 0 +1 +0.63 81%
Financial Regulation: Tax Agenda +1 −1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +0.63 81%
Terrorism: Terrorists' Assets +1 +1 +1 +1 −1 +1 0 +1 +0.63 81%
Nonproliferation: Arms Trade 0 +1 +1 −1 +1 0 −1 +1 +0.25 63%
Regional Security: Ukraine 0 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +0.75 88%
Regional Security: Maritime 0 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +0.75 88%
Human Rights: Migrants +1 +1 +1 0 0 +1 +1 +1 +0.75 88%
Development: Refugee Crisis +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1.00 100%
Health: Coordinated Rapid Deployment +1 0 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +0.75 88%
Health: National Action Plans +1 +1 +1 −1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +0.75 88%
Health: Vaccines −1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +0.63 81%
Climate Change: Growth Agenda 0 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +0.75 88%
Climate Change: Low-Carbon Strategies 0 +1 +1 0 −1 +1 +1 +1 +0.50 75%
Climate Change: Copenhagen Accord 0 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +0.75 88%
Climate Change: Vulnerable Countries +1 +1 0 −1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +0.63 81%
Energy: Liberalizing Systems +1 0 +1 +1 0 0 +1 +1 +0.63 81%
Food and Agriculture: Voluntary Guidelines 0 0 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +0.63 81%

Compliance Average

+0.48 +0.67 +0.90 +0.24 +0.48 +0.86 +0.81 +1.00 +0.68 84%
74% 83% 95% 62% 74% 93% 90% 100%
2015 Interim Compliance Average +0.18 +0.59 +0.88 +0.18 +0.47 +0.88 +0.65 +1.00 +0.60 80%
2014 Final Compliance Average +0.69 +0.50 +0.75 +0.38 +0.44 +0.75 +0.75 +0.81 +0.63 82%
2013 Final Compliance Average +0.50 +0.50 +0.39 +0.33 +0.33 +0.78 +0.72 +0.61 +0.51 76%
2013 Interim Compliance Average +0.44 +0.44 +0.28 +0.28 +0.17 +0.56 +0.61 +0.61 +0.40 70%
2012 Final Compliance Average +0.71 +0.65 +0.76 +0.29 +0.65 +0.65 +0.88 +0.59 +0.60 80%
2011 Final Compliance Average +0.67 +0.50 +0.44 +0.33 +0.56 +0.61 +0.61 +0.61 +0.54 77%
2010 Final Compliance Average +0.61 +0.44 +0.50 +0.17 +0.28 +0.50 +0.56 +0.44 +0.46 73%

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Table C: 2015 G7 Schloss Elmau Compliance Scores by Country

2015 final compliance 2015 interim compliance 2014 final compliance 2013 final compliance 2013 interim compliance 2012 interim compliance 2011 final compliance 2010 final compliance
Russia +0.39 70% +0.22 61% +0.18 59% +0.56 78% +0.61 81%
European Union +1.00 100% +1.00 100% +0.81 91% +0.61 81% +0.61 81% +0.59 80% +0.61 81% +0.44 72%
Germany +0.90 95% +0.88 94% +0.75 88% +0.39 70% +0.28 64% +0.76 88% +0.44 72% +0.50 75%
United Kingdom +0.86 93% +0.88 94% +0.75 88% +0.78 89% +0.56 78% +0.65 83% +0.61 81% +0.50 75%
United States +0.81 90% +0.65 82% +0.75 88% +0.72 86% +0.61 81% +0.88 94% +0.61 81% +0.56 78%
France +0.67 83% +0.59 79% +0.50 75% +0.50 75% +0.44 72% +0.65 83% +0.50 75% +0.44 72%
Japan +0.48 74% +0.47 74% +0.44 72% +0.33 67% +0.17 59% +0.65 83% +0.56 78% +0.28 64%
Canada +0.48 74% +0.18 59% +0.69 85% +0.50 75% +0.44 72% +0.71 86% +0.67 84% +0.61 81%
Italy +0.24 62% +0.18 59% +0.38 69% +0.33 67% +0.28 64% +0.29 65% +0.33 67% +0.17 59%
Average +0.68 84% +0.60 80% +0.63 82% +0.52 76% +0.42 71% +0.65 82% +0.54 77% +0.44 72%
Spread 0.76 0.82 0.44 0.45 0.44 0.7 0.34 0.44

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Table D: 2015 Final G7 Schloss Elmau Compliance Scores by Issue

Human Rights: Migrants +1.00 100%
Macroeconomic Policy: Fostering Growth +0.88 94%
Development: Refugee Crisis +0.75 88%
Infrastructure: Infrastructure Investment +0.75 88%
Macroeconomic Policy: Fiscal Flexibility +0.75 88%
Regional Security: Ukraine +0.75 88%
Regional Security: Maritime +0.75 88%
Health: Coordinated Rapid Deployment +0.75 88%
Climate Change: Copenhagen Accord +0.75 88%
Health: Vaccines +0.75 88%
Terrorism: Terrorists' Assets +0.75 88%
Health: National Action Plans +0.63 81%
Financial Regulation: Automatic Exchange of Information +0.63 81%
Climate Change: Vulnerable Countries +0.63 81%
Energy: Liberalizing Systems +0.63 81%
Food and Agriculture: Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance +0.63 81%
Financial Regulation: Tax Agenda +0.63 81%
Gender: Supporting Women Entrepreneurs +0.63 81%
Climate Change: Growth Agenda +0.50 75%
Climate Change: Low-Carbon Strategies +0.50 75%
Nonproliferation: Arms Trade +0.25 63%
Compliance Average +0.68 84%

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