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2017 G7 Taormina Summit
Interim Compliance Report

27 May 2017 to 30 January 2018
Katrina Bland, Andrew Liu and Sarah Mariani
G7 Research Group

17 April 2018, updated on 20 April 2018

The 2017 G7 Taormina Summit Interim Compliance Report reviews progress made on 16 selected commitments set out at the 2017 Taormina Summit for the period of 27 May 2017 to 30 January 2018 (see Table A). The preface and summary of the findings are listed below. The 2017 G7 Taormina Interim Compliance Scores, with rankings by country and by issue.

Download the full 263-page report here.

The report contains the following sections, which can be downloaded separately:

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Preface

Each year since 1996, the G7 Research Group has produced a compliance report on the progress made by the G7 members in meeting the commitments their leaders issue at each summit. Since 2002, the group has usually published an interim report to assess progress during the transition from one host to the next, in addition to the final report issued just before the annual summit. These reports, which monitor the implementation of a carefully chosen selection of the many commitments announced at the end of each summit, are offered to the general public and to policy makers, academics, civil society, the media and interested citizens around the world in an effort to make the work of the G7 more transparent and accessible, and to provide scientific data to enable meaningful analysis of this unique and informal institution. Compliance reports are available at the G7 Information Centre at www.g7.utoronto.ca/compliance.

Based at the University of Toronto and founded in 1987, the G7 Research Group strives to be the leading independent source of information and analysis on the institutions, performance, issues and participants of the G7 summit and system of global governance. It is an global network of scholars, students and professionals. The group oversees the G7 Information Centre, which publishes freely available research on the G7 as well as official documents issued by the G7.

For the compliance report on the 2017 Taormina Summit, hosted by Italy from 26 to 27 May 2017, 16 priority commitments were selected from the total 180 commitments made. This interim report includes assessments for 16 of those commitments as of 30 January 2018.

To make its assessments, the G7 Research Group relies on publicly available information, documentation and media reports. To ensure the accuracy, comprehensiveness and integrity of these reports, we encourage comments and suggestions. Indeed, this is a living document, and the scores can be recalibrated if new material becomes available. All feedback remains anonymous and is not attributed. Responsibility for this report's contents lies exclusively with the report's authors and the analysts of the G7 Research Group.

This report is produced entirely on a voluntary basis. It receives no direct financial support from any source, by a process insulated from the other major activities of the G7 Research Group, such as the "background book" produced by Newsdesk Media or GT Media or the pre-summit conferences sponsored by various institutions.

The work of the G7 Research Group would not be possible without the steadfast dedication of many people around the world. This report is the product of a team of energetic and hard-working analysts led by Katrina Bland, chair of summit studies, and Raheeb Dastagir, compliance director, and their team of lead analysts and analysts. It would also not be possible without the support of Dr. Ella Kokotsis, director of accountability, and Brittaney Warren, senior researcher. We are also indebted to the many people who provide feedback on our drafts, whose comments have been carefully considered in this report.

John Kirton
Director
G7 Research Group

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Executive Summary

The University of Toronto G7 Research Group's Interim Compliance Report on the 2017 Taormina Summit assesses the compliance of the G7 members with 16 priority commitments selected from the total 180 made at their summit in Italy on 26-27 May 2017 (See Table A). This selection reflects the breadth and focus of the summit agenda. The analysis covers actions taken by G7 members since 28 May 2017, the day after the summit, until 30 January 2018.

The Interim Compliance Score

Compliance is measured on a three-point scale. A score of +1 indicates full compliance with a commitment, a score of 0 indicates partial compliance, and a score of −1 indicates non-compliance as in a failure to comply or action taken that is directly opposite to the commitment. The interim compliance scores are listed in Table B.

For the period of 28 May 2017 to 30 January 2018, the average compliance score for these 16 commitments was +0.45 (73%). This is a decrease from the interim compliance score of +0.51 (76%) halfway between the 2016 and 2017 summits, and slightly lesser decrease from the final compliance score of +0.47 (74%) for the 2016 Ise Shima Summit. It is also a decrease from the 2015 Schloss Elmau Summit interim compliance score of +0.60 (80%) and final compliance score of +0.65 (83%).

Compliance by Member

The European Union ranked first with an average compliance score of +0.94 (97%) followed by France and the United Kindgom at +0.56 (78%) and Germany at +0.44 (72%). The United States had the lowest score at +0.13 (57%). The United States average is calculated from 15 commitments as it was not party to the commitment on the Paris Agreement. See Table C for a complete list of country scores.

Compliance by Commitment

The commitment on terrorism, specifically on aviation and border security, had the highest interim compliance at +0.88 (94%) (see Table D). The commitment on internationally recognized environmental standards in trade had the second highest compliance at +0.75 (88%). They were followed by the commitment on the Paris Agreement, which was assessed for all G7 members except the United States, and had a score of +0.71 (86%). These were followed by four commitments tied at +0.63 (82%) on trade protectionism, the drivers of migration, the African Union's Agenda 2063 and encouraging women in the private sector. The commitment with the lowest compliance was mental health at −0.75 (13%).

The Compliance Gap Between Members

These interim results from the Taormina Summit show a difference of 0.80 between the highest and lowest compliance scores, a greater spread than the 2016 final compliance score of 0.50 and 2016 interim score of of 0.39, but closer to the 2015 scores of 0.71 on final compliance and 0.82 on interim compliance.

Future Research and Reports

The information contained within this report provides G7 members and other stakeholders with an indication of their compliance with 16 commitments at the midway point between the Taormina Summit in May 2017 and the Charlevoix Summit that will take place on 8-9 June 2018. As with previous compliance reports, this report has been produced as an inviation for others to provide additional or more complete information on country compliance. Comments are always welcomed and would be considered as part of an analytical reassessment. If so, please send your comments to g7@utoronto.ca.

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Table A: 2017 Priority Commitments Selected for Assessment*

Number Commitment
112 "[We commit ourselves to] enhancing border and aviation security." (G7 Taormina Statement on the Fight Against Terrorism and Violent Extremism)
81 "We will counter propaganda supporting terrorism and violent extremism, online recruitment by extremists, radicalization and incitement to violence." (G7 Taormina Statement on the Fight Against Terrorism and Violent Extremism)
23 "We reiterate our commitment on non-proliferation and disarmament." (G7 Taormina Leaders' Communiqué)
36 "We reiterate our commitment to keep our markets open and to fight protectionism, while standing firm against all unfair trade practices." (G7 Taormina Leaders' Communiqué)
179 "We agree to promote and facilitate cooperation to help ensure the effective and timely prosecution of those engaged — at any level — in human trafficking and exploitation, both domestically and internationally, including cooperation among countries of origin, transit and destination and their respective law enforcement agencies." (Roadmap for a Gender-Responsive Economic Environment)
115 "[We] encourage the private sector to value women's active role in private companies by developing positive actions, such as leadership trainings and gender equality labels/certifications, and promoting role models." (G7 Taormina Leaders' Communiqué)
46 "We agree to establish partnerships to help countries create the conditions within their own borders that address the drivers of migration, as this is the best long-term solution to these challenges" (G7 Taormina Leaders' Communiqué)
64 "We are determined to harness the significant economic opportunities, in terms of growth and job creation, offered by the transformation of the energy sector and clean technology." (G7 Taormina Leaders' Declaration)
65 "Understanding this process, the Heads of State and of Governments of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, and the United Kingdom and the Presidents of the European Council and of the European Commission reaffirm their strong commitment to swiftly implement the Paris Agreement, as previously stated at the Ise Shima Summit." (excludes United States) (G7 Taormina Leaders' Declaration)
57 "[We will encourage] public-private partnerships (PPPs)." (G7 Taormina Leaders' Communiqué)
48 "We aim to work in partnership with the African continent, supporting the African Union Agenda 2063, in order to provide the young generation in particular with adequate skills, quality infrastructures, financial resources, and access to a sustainable, prosperous and safe future." (G7 Taormina Leaders' Communiqué)
69 "[We are committed to pursuing policies that advance] mental health [improvements across the globe.]" (G7 Taormina Leaders' Communiqué)
45 "[We commit to striving for better application and promotion of internationally recognized] environmental standards [throughout the global economy and its supply chains.]" (G7 Taormina Leaders' Communiqué)

* For the full list of commitments, please contact the G7 Research Group at g7@utoronto.ca.

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Table B: 2017 G7 Taormina Summit Interim Compliance Scores

  Canada France Germany Italy Japan United Kingdom United States European Union Average
1. Terrorism: Aviation and Border Security +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +0.88 94%
2. Terrorism: Combating Online Extremism 0 0 +1 0 0 +1 +1 +1 +0.50 75%
3. Non-proliferation: Nuclear Weapons and Disarmament −1 +1 0 0 0 0 +1 +1 +0.25 63%
4. Trade: Protectionism and Trade Practices +1 0 +1 +1 +1 0 0 +1 +0.63 81%
5. Gender: Human Trafficking and Exploitation 0 +1 +1 0 0 +1 0 +1 +0.50 75%
6. Gender: Encouraging Women in the Private Sector +1 +1 +1 0 0 +1 0 +1 +0.63 81%
7. Migration: Addressing the Drivers of Migration +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 −1 +1 +0.63 81%
8. Climate Change: Energy and Clean Technology +1 +1 −1 +1 0 +1 −1 +1 +0.38 69%
9. Climate Change: Paris Agreement +1 0 +1 +1 0 +1 N/A +1 +0.71 86%
10. Food and Agriculture: Food Security and Nutrition +1 0 0 −1 +1 −1 +1 +1 +0.25 63%
11. Development: African Union Agenda 2063 −1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +0.63 81%
12. Health: Mental Health −1 −1 −1 −1 −1 +1 −1 +1 −0.75 13%
13. Trade: Internationally Recognized Environmental Standards +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 −1 +1 +0.75 88%
14. Labour and Employment: Work Conditions +1 +1 −1 +1 +1 +1 −1 0 +0.38 69%
15. Macroeconomics: Inclusive Growth +1 0 0 0 −1 +1 +1 +1 +0.38 69%
16. Regional Security: Ukraine 0 +1 +1 0 0 0 +1 +1 +0.50 75%
Compliance Average +0.44
72%
+0.50
75%
+0.44
72%
+0.31
66%
+0.25
63%
+0.56
78%
+0.13
57%
+0.94
97%
+0.45 73%
2016 Final Compliance Average 58% 26% 67% 21% 28% 42% 63% 67% 47% 74%
2016 Interim Compliance Average 55% 27% 55% 18% 18% 64% 82% 91% 51% 76%
2015 Final Compliance Average +0.38 +0.67 +0.86 +0.24 +0.48 +0.86 +0.81 +0.95 +0.65 83%
2015 Interim Compliance Average +0.18 +0.59 +0.88 +0.18 +0.47 +0.88 +0.65 +1.00 +0.60 80%
2014 Final Compliance Average +0.69 +0.50 +0.75 +0.38 +0.44 +0.75 +0.75 +0.81 +0.63 82%
2013 Final Compliance Average +0.50 +0.50 +0.39 +0.33 +0.33 +0.78 +0.72 +0.61 +0.51 76%
2013 Interim Compliance Average +0.44 +0.44 +0.28 +0.28 +0.17 +0.56 +0.61 +0.61 +0.40 70%

N/A = Not applicable.

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Table C: G7 Taormina Summit Interim Compliance Scores by Country

  2017 interim 2016 final 2016 interim 2015 final 2015 interim 2014 final
European Union +0.94 97% 81% 91% +0.67 83% +0.95 98% +1.00 100% +0.81 91%
France +0.50 75% 50% 75% +0.26 63% +0.67 83% +0.59 79% +0.50 75%
Germany +0.44 72% 44% 72% +0.50 75% +0.86 93% +0.88 94% +0.75 88%
Canada +0.44 72% 44% 72% +0.50 75% +0.38 69% +0.18 59% +0.69 85%
United Kingdom +0.56 78% 38% 69% +0.42 71% +0.86 93% +0.88 94% +0.75 88%
Italy +0.31 66% 31% 66% +0.21 61% +0.24 62% +0.18 59% +0.38 69%
Japan +0.25 63% 25% 63% +0.28 64% +0.48 74% +0.47 74% +0.44 72%
United States +0.13 57% 13% 57% +0.63 82% +0.81 90% +0.65 82% +0.75 88%
Average +0.44 72% 41% 70% +0.43 72% +0.65 83% +0.60 80% +0.63 82%
Spread 0.69 0.50 0.39 0.71 0.82 0.44

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Table D: 2017 Taormina Summit Interim Compliance Scores by Issue

1 Terrorism: Aviation and Border Security +0.88 94%
2 Trade: Internationally Recognized Environmental Standards +0.75 88%
3 Climate Change: Paris Agreement +0.71 86%
4 Trade: Protectionism and Trade Practices +0.63 81%
Migration: Addressing the Drivers of Migration
Gender: Encouraging Women in the Private Sector
Development: African Union Agenda 2063
8 Regional Security: Ukraine +0.50 75%
Gender: Human Trafficking and Exploitation
Terrorism: Combating Online Extremism
11 Climate Change: Energy and Clean Technology +0.38 69%
Labour and Employment: Work Conditions
Macroeconomics: Inclusive Growth
14 Non-proliferation: Nuclear Weapons and Disarmament +0.25 63%
Food and Agriculture: Food Security and Nutrition
16 Health: Mental Health −0.75 13%

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