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Inter-Summit Ministerials and Equivalents
1975-2003

John Kirton and Michael Malleson
July 25, 2003

Table A: Number of Intersessional Ministerials and Equivalents, 1975-2004
Table B: List of Intersessional Meetings, 1975-2004

Inter-summit ministerials and equivalents are meetings of G7/8 ministers or heads or equivalents from these actors (collective statements issued in the name of the G7/8, conference calls) between the end of one year’s annual summit and the start of the summit the regularly scheduled annual following year.

They can be divided into two temporal categories: Follow-up Ministerials, taking place prior to the change in the host on January 1 of the new year, can be seen primarily as following up or implementing the earlier summit, under the same host, even though they may start to prepare for the summit the following year. Lead-up ministerials, taking place after January 1, can be seen as primarily preparatory to, or otherwise connected with, the subsequent summit being held under the same national host.

The approximately annual number of such intersessional ministerials and equivalents can be taken as an indication of the institutionalization of the summit system, usually at lower levels than that of the heads but still at the political level where largely elected individuals (in parliamentary systems) gather.

Follow-up ministerials can be seen primarily as a cause of compliance with the previous summit’s commitments.

Lead-up ministerials can be seen as a cause of the subsequent summit’s success.

Both follow-up and lead-up ministerials may be seen as a component of institutional "momentum." They can be a way in which one year’s host tries to bind, and succeeds in binding, its successor host the following year.

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Table A: Number of Intersessional Ministerials and Equivalents, 1975-2004

Year
Total
Lead-up
Follow-up

1975

0

0

0

1976

0

0

0

1977

0

0

0

1978

0

0

0

1979

0

0

0

1980

0

0

0

1981

0

0

0

1982

2

2

0

1983

4

2

2

1984

2

1

1

1985

5

2

3*

1986

4

1

3*

1987

6

3

4*

1988

5

2

3*

1989

6

3

3*

1990

6

3

3*

1991

6

3

3*

1992

9

6

3*

1993

7

6

1*

1994

6

2

4*

1995

13

6

7*

1996

12

7

5*

1997

13

7

6*

1998

20

12

8*

1999

17

11

6*

2000

15

11

4*

2001

22

10

12*

2002

16

10

6*

2003

11

8

3*
(planned as of August 2003)

TOTAL

207

118

89

* The G8 Foreign Ministers have met annually in the fall, since 1984, in New York around the time of the opening of the United Nations General Assembly. No documents are released at these meetings, so they are not included in the raw data compiled in Table B, but they are included in the compiled data above by adding 1 to the raw data tally.

Sources:
G8 Research Group, Ministerial Meetings and Officials-Level Meetings.
Cohn, Theodore H. (2002), Governing Global Trade: International Institutions in Conflict and Convergence (Ashgate, Aldershot), Table 5.1, page 136.

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Table B: List of Intersessional Meetings, 1975-2003

Date Meeting Adjourned

Meeting Title

Saturday, September 20, 2003

G7 Finance Ministers

Tuesday, July 01, 2003

Counter-Terrorism Action Group

Tuesday, June 03, 2003

Leaders' Summit: Evian

Saturday, May 31, 2003

G8-EU Summit, St. Petersburg

Friday, May 23, 2003

Foreign Ministers

Saturday, May 17, 2003

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Monday, May 05, 2003

Justice and Interior Ministers

Sunday, April 27, 2003

Environment Ministers

Thursday, April 24, 2003

Development Ministers

Saturday, April 12, 2003

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Saturday, February 22, 2003

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

 Friday, October 25, 2002

Foreign Ministers

Friday, September 27, 2002

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Friday, September 27, 2002

Development Ministers

Thursday, September 12, 2002

Foreign Ministers

Thursday, August 08, 2002

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Thursday, June 27, 2002

Leaders' Summit: Kananaskis

Saturday, June 15, 2002

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Thursday, June 13, 2002

Foreign Ministers

Friday, May 31, 2002

Foreign Ministers

Tuesday, May 14, 2002

Justice and Interior Ministers

Friday, May 03, 2002

Energy Ministers

Saturday, April 27, 2002

Labour Ministers

Saturday, April 20, 2002

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Sunday, April 14, 2002

Environment Ministers

Thursday, March 14, 2002

Health Ministers

Saturday, February 09, 2002

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Friday, December 28, 2001

Foreign Ministers

Monday, November 26, 2001

Foreign Ministers

Wednesday, November 07, 2001

Health Ministers

Friday, November 02, 2001

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Saturday, October 27, 2001

Environment Ministers

Saturday, October 06, 2001

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Friday, September 28, 2001

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Tuesday, September 25, 2001

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Wednesday, September 19, 2001

Terrorism

Wednesday, September 12, 2001

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Sunday, August 19, 2001

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Sunday, July 22, 2001

Leaders' Summit: Genoa

Thursday, July 19, 2001

Foreign Ministers

Saturday, July 07, 2001

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Saturday, April 28, 2001

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Monday, March 19, 2001

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Wednesday, March 14, 2001

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Friday, March 09, 2001

Terrorism

Sunday, March 04, 2001

Environment Ministers

Tuesday, February 27, 2001

Justice and Interior Ministers

Saturday, February 17, 2001

Foreign Ministers

Saturday, February 17, 2001

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Friday, December 15, 2000

Ad Hoc Meeting of Drug Experts

Saturday, November 11, 2000

Labour Ministers

Saturday, September 23, 2000

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Sunday, July 23, 2000

Leaders' Summit: Okinawa

Friday, July 21, 2000

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Thursday, July 13, 2000

Foreign Ministers

Saturday, July 08, 2000

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Wednesday, May 24, 2000

Senior Experts' Group on Transnational Organized Crime

Wednesday, May 17, 2000

Ad hoc: G8 Conference On Dialogue Between the Public Authorities and Private Sector On Security and Trust In Cyberspace

Sunday, April 16, 2000

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Sunday, April 09, 2000

Environment Ministers

Sunday, April 02, 2000

Education Ministers

Wednesday, February 09, 2000

Crime Ministerial Meetings

Tuesday, February 01, 2000

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Saturday, January 22, 2000

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Friday, December 17, 1999

Foreign Ministers

Thursday, November 18, 1999

Terrorism

Wednesday, October 20, 1999

Crime Ministerial Meetings

Saturday, September 25, 1999

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Tuesday, August 31, 1999

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Sunday, June 20, 1999

Leaders' Summit: Köln

Sunday, June 20, 1999

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Saturday, June 12, 1999

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Thursday, June 10, 1999

Foreign Ministers

Tuesday, June 08, 1999

Foreign Ministers

Wednesday, May 12, 1999

Quad Trade Ministers

Thursday, May 06, 1999

Foreign Ministers

Monday, April 26, 1999

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Sunday, March 28, 1999

Environment Ministers

Friday, February 26, 1999

Labour Ministers

Saturday, February 20, 1999

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Wednesday, February 17, 1999

Terrorism

Tuesday, December 15, 1998

Terrorism

Thursday, November 05, 1998

Senior Experts' Group on Transnational Organized Crime

Friday, October 30, 1998

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Saturday, October 03, 1998

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Thursday, September 24, 1998

Foreign Ministers

Monday, September 14, 1998

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Friday, June 12, 1998

Foreign Ministers

Sunday, May 17, 1998

Leaders' Summit: Birmingham

Friday, May 15, 1998

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Saturday, May 09, 1998

Foreign Ministers

Saturday, May 09, 1998

Foreign Ministers

Saturday, May 09, 1998

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Saturday, May 09, 1998

Ad hoc: Finance and Foreign Ministers Pre Summit

Thursday, April 30, 1998

Quad Trade Ministers

Wednesday, April 15, 1998

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Sunday, April 05, 1998

Environment Ministers

Wednesday, April 01, 1998

Energy Ministers

Friday, March 06, 1998

Terrorism

Sunday, February 22, 1998

Employment Ministers

Saturday, February 21, 1998

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Wednesday, December 24, 1997

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Wednesday, December 10, 1997

Justice and Interior Ministers

Saturday, November 29, 1997

Employment Ministers

Saturday, September 20, 1997

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Monday, September 01, 1997

Foreign Ministers

Sunday, June 22, 1997

Leaders' Summit: Denver

Tuesday, May 06, 1997

Environment Ministers

Friday, May 02, 1997

Quad Trade Ministers

Sunday, April 27, 1997

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Friday, April 18, 1997

Senior Experts' Group on Transnational Organized Crime

Tuesday, April 15, 1997

Terrorism

Wednesday, April 09, 1997

Ad hoc: Global Marketplace for Small and Medium-size Enterprises

Saturday, February 08, 1997

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Friday, November 01, 1996

Terrorism

Saturday, September 28, 1996

Quad Trade Ministers

Sunday, September 01, 1996

Foreign Ministers

Tuesday, July 30, 1996

Terrorism

Saturday, June 29, 1996

Leaders' Summit: Lyon

Friday, June 28, 1996

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Tuesday, May 21, 1996

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Friday, May 10, 1996

Environment Ministers

Monday, April 22, 1996

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Sunday, April 21, 1996

Quad Trade Ministers

Friday, April 12, 1996

Senior Experts' Group on Transnational Organized Crime

Tuesday, April 02, 1996

Employment Ministers

Tuesday, December 12, 1995

Terrorism

Saturday, November 11, 1995

Foreign Ministers

Saturday, October 21, 1995

Quad Trade Ministers

Saturday, October 14, 1995

Senior Experts' Group on Transnational Organized Crime

Saturday, October 07, 1995

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Sunday, October 01, 1995

Foreign Ministers

Saturday, June 17, 1995

Leaders' Summit: Halifax

Friday, May 05, 1995

Quad Trade Ministers

Monday, May 01, 1995

Environment Ministers

Tuesday, April 25, 1995

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Monday, April 24, 1995

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Sunday, February 26, 1995

Information Ministers

Saturday, February 04, 1995

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Thursday, October 27, 1994

Ad hoc: Aid to Ukraine

Thursday, October 06, 1994

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Sunday, September 11, 1994

Quad Trade Ministers

Sunday, July 10, 1994

Leaders' Summit: Naples

Tuesday, March 15, 1994

Employment Ministers

Sunday, March 13, 1994

Environment Ministers

Friday, July 09, 1993

Leaders' Summit: Tokyo

Thursday, July 08, 1993

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Thursday, June 24, 1993

Quad Trade Ministers

Wednesday, June 02, 1993

Quad Trade Ministers

Friday, May 14, 1993

Quad Trade Ministers

Thursday, April 29, 1993

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Thursday, April 15, 1993

Ad hoc: Aid to Russia

Sunday, October 18, 1992

Quad Trade Ministers

Saturday, September 19, 1992

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Wednesday, July 08, 1992

Leaders' Summit: Munich

Monday, June 01, 1992

Environment Ministers

Sunday, April 26, 1992

Quad Trade Ministers

Sunday, April 26, 1992

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Sunday, April 26, 1992

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Wednesday, April 01, 1992

Environment Ministers

Saturday, January 25, 1992

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Saturday, October 12, 1991

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Saturday, September 14, 1991

Quad Trade Ministers

Wednesday, July 17, 1991

Leaders' Summit: London

Sunday, April 28, 1991

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Sunday, April 21, 1991

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Sunday, January 20, 1991

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Saturday, October 13, 1990

Quad Trade Ministers

Saturday, September 22, 1990

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Wednesday, July 11, 1990

Leaders' Summit: Houston

Sunday, May 06, 1990

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Friday, May 04, 1990

Quad Trade Ministers

Saturday, April 07, 1990

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Tuesday, November 14, 1989

Quad Trade Ministers

Saturday, September 23, 1989

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Sunday, July 16, 1989

Leaders' Summit: Paris

Sunday, June 04, 1989

Quad Trade Ministers

Sunday, April 02, 1989

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Saturday, September 24, 1988

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Friday, June 24, 1988

Quad Trade Ministers

Tuesday, June 21, 1988

Leaders' Summit: Toronto

Sunday, April 17, 1988

Quad Trade Ministers

Wednesday, April 13, 1988

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Tuesday, December 22, 1987

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Saturday, September 26, 1987

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Wednesday, June 10, 1987

Leaders' Summit: Venice

Sunday, April 26, 1987

Quad Trade Ministers

Wednesday, April 08, 1987

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Sunday, February 22, 1987

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Saturday, September 27, 1986

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Sunday, September 07, 1986

Quad Trade Ministers

Tuesday, May 06, 1986

Leaders' Summit: Tokyo

Sunday, January 19, 1986

Quad Trade Ministers

Sunday, September 22, 1985

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Sunday, July 14, 1985

Quad Trade Ministers

Saturday, May 04, 1985

Leaders' Summit: Bonn

Monday, February 11, 1985

Quad Trade Ministers

Thursday, January 17, 1985

Finance Ministers / Central Bank Governors

Saturday, June 30, 1984

Quad Trade Ministers

Saturday, June 09, 1984

Leaders' Summit: London

Saturday, February 04, 1984

Quad Trade Ministers

Tuesday, September 27, 1983

Quad Trade Ministers

Sunday, July 17, 1983

Quad Trade Ministers

Monday, May 30, 1983

Leaders' Summit: Williamsburg

Friday, April 29, 1983

Quad Trade Ministers

Friday, February 11, 1983

Quad Trade Ministers

Sunday, June 06, 1982

Leaders' Summit: Versailles

Thursday, May 13, 1982

Quad Trade Ministers

Saturday, January 16, 1982

Quad Trade Ministers

Tuesday, July 21, 1981

Leaders' Summit: Ottawa

Monday, June 23, 1980

Leaders' Summit: Venice

Friday, June 29, 1979

Leaders' Summit: Tokyo

Monday, July 17, 1978

Leaders' Summit: Bonn

Sunday, May 08, 1977

Leaders' Summit: London

Monday, June 28, 1976

Leaders' Summit: Puerto

Monday, November 17, 1975

Leaders' Summit: Rambouillet

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