The Diplomacy of Concert: Canada, the G-7 and the Halifax Summit
by John Kirton
12. For scores of the performance of individual Summits see John Kirton,
"Contemporary Concert Diplomacy: The Seven Power Summit and the Management of
International Order," Paper prepared for the annual meeting of the International
Studies Association, London, England, April 1, 1989. Since 1988, the judgement of
each Summit by Globe and Mail editorialists has been equivalent to grades as follows:
1989 A, 1990 B+, 1991 C, 1992 B-, 1993 B, 1994 B-.